References

Ross, Michael, Planning and the heritage policy and procedures
2nd ed., London : E & FN Spon 1996 (http://www.tandfebooks.com/isbn/9780203362358)

*** VERY GOOD RESOURCE ON MATERIALS **** http://www.mnhs.org/collections/archaeology/reports/ConsvArchaeologicalMaterialsCharacterization.pdf

 

 

 Armand de Kersaint, Discours sur les monuments publics, 1791/1792

Baldwin Brown The Care of Ancient Monuments, 1905

The Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882

 

 

Politics and Preservation A policy history of the built heritage 1882-1996

 

 

 

Miles Glendinning, The Conservation Movement: A History of Architectural Preservation, Antiquity to Modernity, (Routledge, 2013)

In the decades since SAH established the Antoinette Forrester Downing Award, preservation history literature has blossomed, with books on specific periods, people, topics and places around the world. Miles Glendinning’s The Conservation Movement: A History of Architectural Preservation, Antiquity to Modernity is a magisterial survey putting all those preservation efforts into the broadest perspective. Building upon works by Jukka Jokilehto and others, Glendinning synthesizes an ambitious scope of subject and chronology. The book spans from antiquity to the present,

throughout the western world (with a focus on western Europe). It treats urban conservation as well as buildings. Given his scope, Glendinning does a remarkable job of representing such a diverse range of historical trends through specific examples, well chosen, well told and clearly illustrated. His account is a robust and sophisticated history—intellectual, cultural and political. The Conservation Movement can serve as a comprehensive history textbook; it takes the extra step to include a thorough scholarly apparatus of footnotes and bibliography so that it is an essential resource for researchers. Glendinning describes recurring patterns such as responses to iconoclasm and wartime destruction. He also notes the strands of differing preservation philosophies and their evolving application. In keeping with the best histories that synthesize expansive bodies of information, he gives us perspective to understand the evolving nature and diversity of conservation across time and place.

2016 Committee: Robin Williams, chair Jeffery Chusid Michael Holleran

 

 

 

Source Citation   (MLA 7th Edition)

West, Jenny. “125 years of saving ancient buildings. (Frontline).” History Today 52.4 (2002): 3+. Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Sept. 2016.

 

Gale Document Number: GALE|A84804695

 

 

Lull, William P., with the assistance of Paul N. Banks. Conservation Environment Guidelines for Libraries and Archives. Ottawa, ON: Canadian Council of Archives, 1995.

National Information Standards Organization. Environmental Guidelines for the Storage of Paper Records. Technical Report NISO-TR01-1995.

Reilly, James M., Douglas W. Nishimura, and Edward Zinn. New Tools for Preservation/Assessing Long-Term Environmental Effects on Library and Archives Collections. Washington, DC: Commission on Preservation and Access, 1995.

Sebera, Donald K. Isoperms An Environmental Management Tool. Washington, DC: Commission on Preservation and Access, 1994.

Walch, Victoria Irons. “Checklist of Standards Applicable to the Preservation of Archives and Manuscripts.” American Archivist 53 (Spring 1990): 324–38.

 

 

 

Constantinople to Cordoba “The book charts the history of the dismantling, destruction, and recycling of the architecture and antiquities of the Greek and Roman and subsequent Islamic World from the middle ages to the end of the 18th century in the Crescent from constaniple to Cordoba.   Beginnings of mass tourism around the middle of the 19th century

Constantinople to Córdoba: Dismantling Ancient Architecture in the East, North Africa and Islamic Spain. By Michael GreenhalghLeiden and Boston: Brill. 2012. xvi + 510 pp. 91 illustrations. €177. ISBN 978 90 04 21246 6.

Authors

  • David Rollason

 

ancient landscape , cities”

 

 

history of reusing dismantling  and destroying the landscape

 

antiquities looted Sterrette died in 1914 – project to catalogue antiquities – inscriptions before they all disappeared.  Dyson 1998 66-67

practical building conservation 1988  John Ashurst

Alberti, Livia, and Cetty Muscolino. 2005. The conservation of the mosaics of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy, 1989-1999: Construction technique and treatment methodology. In 8o Synedrio Diethnous Epitropes gia te Synterese ton Psephidoton (ICCM): Entoichia kai epidapedia psephidota: Synterese, diaterese, parousiase Thessalonike, 29 Oktovriou-3 Noemvriou 2002: Praktika = VIIIth Conference of the International Committee for the Conservation of Mosaics (ICCM): Wall and Floor Mosaics: Conservation, Maintenance, Presentation: Thessaloniki, 29 October-3 November 2002: Proceedings. 169-80. Thessaloniki: Europaiko Kentro Vyzantinon kai Metavyzantinon Mnemeion.

 American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. 2006. AASHTO T 217 – Determination of Moisture in Soil by Means of Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Moisture Tester (Speedy). Washington, DC: AASHTO. http://www.dot.nd.gov/manuals/materials/testingmanual/t217.pdf

 American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Inc. 2011. ASNT. http://www.asnt.org

 American Society for Testing and Materials. 2011. ASTM D4944 – 11 Standard Test Method for Field Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil by the Calcium Carbide Gas Pressure Tester. West Conshocken, PA: ASTM. http://www.astm.org/Standards/D4944.htm

 ———. 2007. ASTM D4442 – 07 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials. West Conshocken, PA: ASTM. http://www.astm.org/Standards/D4442.htm

 ———. 2010. ASTM D2216 – 10 Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass. West Conshocken, PA: ASTM. http://www.astm.org/Standards/D2216.htm

Anson-Cartwright, Tamara, ed. 1997. Landscapes of Memories: A Guide for Conserving Historic Cemeteries, Repairing Tombstones. Toronto: Ministry of Citizenship, Culture and Recreation. Updated ed, 1998.

 Arnold, Andreas. 1984. Determination of mineral salts from monuments. Studies in Conservation 29 (3): 129-38.

 Arnold, Andreas, and Konrad Zehnder. 1991. Monitoring wall paintings affected by soluble salts. In The Conservation of Wall Paintings: Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the Courtauld Institute of Art and the Getty Conservation Institute, London, July 13-16 1987. ed. Sharon Cather. 103-35. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

International Course on Stone Conservation SC13

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

Artioli, Gilberto. 2010. Scientific Methods and Cultural Heritage: An Introduction to the Application of Materials Science to Archaeometry and Conservation Science. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

 Ashurst, John. 2002. Mortars, Plasters and Renders in Conservation. 2nd ed. London: Ecclesiastical Architects’ and Surveyors’ Association.

———. 2007. Conservation of Ruins. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology. London and Burlington, Mass.: Butterworth-Heinemann.

 Ashurst, John, and Nicola Ashurst. 1988. Practical Building Conservation: Vol. 1: Stone Masonry. English Heritage Technical Handbook. New York: Halsted Press.

 ———. 1988. Practical Building Conservation: Volume 3: Mortars, Plasters and Renders. English Heritage Technical Handbook. New York: Halsted Press.

 Ashurst, John, and Francis G. Dimes, ed. 1990. Conservation of Building and Decorative Stone, Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology. London and Boston: Butterworth- Heinemann.

 Ashurst, Nicola. 1994. Cleaning Historic Buildings. London: Donhead.

 Ashurst, Nicola, Sasha Chapman, Susan Macdonald, Roy Butlin, and Matthew Murray. 2002. An investigation of sacrificial graffiti barriers for historic masonry. In Stone: Stone Building Materials, Construction and Associated Component Systems: Their Decay and Treatment. ed. John Fidler. 45-58. English Heritage Research Transactions vol. 2. London: James & James.

 Auras, M. 2008. Poultices and mortars for salt contaminated masonry and stone objects. In Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures: Proceedings from the International Conference 22-24 October 2008, the National Museum Copenhagen, Denmark. 197-217. Byg rapport, R-197. Lyngby: Technical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering.

 Australia ICOMOS. 2000. The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, 1999. http://australia.icomos.org/wp-content/uploads/BURRA_CHARTER.pdf

 Australian Heritage Commission. 2002. Ask First: A Guide to Respecting Indigenous Heritage Places and Values. Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission. http://www.southwestnrm.org.au/sites/default/files/uploads/ihub/ask-first-guide-respecting- indigenous-heritage-places-values-page-1-13.pdf

 Avrami, Erica C., Randall Mason, and Marta de la Torre. 2000. Values and Heritage Conservation Research Report. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/valuesrpt.pdf

 Bandarin, Francesco, ed. 2007. World Heritage: Challenges for the Millennium. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre. http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/activities/documents/activity-558-1.pdf

 Bläuer Böhm, C. 2005. Quantitative salt analysis in conservation of buildings. Restoration of Buildings and Monuments: An International Journal = Bauinstandsetzen und Baudenkmalpflege: Eine internationale Zeitschrift 11 (6): 409-18.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 Bonazza, A., C. Sabbioni, P. Messina, C. Guaraldi, and P. De Nuntiis. 2009. Climate change impact: Mapping thermal stress on Carrara marble in Europe. The Science of the Total Environment 407 (15): 4506-12. http://polywww.in2p3.fr/~sartiran/Lavori_Messina_Bando_ISAC-107-2012- BO/05_Bonazza_STOTEN_2009a.pdf

 Bourgès, Ann, and Véronique Vergès-Belmin. 2011. Application of fresh mortar tests to poultices used for the desalination of historical masonry. Materials and Structures/Materiaux et constructions 44 (7): 1233-40.

 Brereton, Christopher. 1995. The Repair of Historic Buildings: Advice on Principles and Methods. 2nd ed. London: English Heritage.

 Brimblecombe, Peter. 2010. Heritage climatology. In Climate Change and Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the Ravello International Workshop, 14-16 May 2009 and Strasbourg European Master-Doctorate Course, 7-11 September 2009. ed. Roger-Alexandre Lefèvre and Cristina Sabbioni. 49-56. Scienze e materiali del patrimonio culturale, 10. Bari: Edipuglia.

 ———. 2011. Environment and architectural stone. In Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 4th ed. ed. Siegfried Siegesmund and Rolf Snethlage. 317-46. New York: Springer.

 Brimblecombe, Peter, and Carlota M. Grossi. 2009. Millennium-long damage to building materials in London. Science of the Total Environment 407 (4): 1354-61.

British Standards Institution. 2005. BS 6576:2005: Code of Practice for Diagnosis of Rising Damp in Walls of Buildings and Installation of Chemical Damp-Proof Courses. London: BSI.

Brunetti, Bruno G. 2008. Portable equipment for non-invasive in-situ measurements: Present and perspectives. In In Situ Monitoring of Monumental Surfaces. ed. Piero Tiano and Carla Pardini. 217- 26. Firenze: Edifir.

Bryan, Paul, Bill Blake, Jon Bedford, and David Andrews, ed. 2009. Metric Survey Specifications for Cultural Heritage. 2nd ed. Swindon: English Heritage.

Caneva, Giulia. 1999. A botanical approach to the planning of archaeological parks in Italy. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 3 (3): 127-34.

Caneva, Giulia, Simona Ceschin, and Giovanni De Marco. 2006. Mapping the risk of damage from tree roots for the conservation of archaeological sites: The case of the Domus Aurea, Rome. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 7 (3): 163-70.

Caneva, Giulia, Maurizio Cutini, Alessandra Pacini, and Maria Vinci. 2002. Analysis of the Colosseum’s floristic changes during the last four centuries. Plant Biosystems: An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology: Official Journal of the Societa Botanica Italiana 136 (3): 291-311.

Caneva, Giulia, Avinoam Danin, Sandra Ricci, and Cinzia Conti. 1994. The pitting of Trajan’s Column, Rome: An ecological model of its origin. In Conservazione del patrimonio culturale: Recerche interdisciplinari. 78-102. Contributi del Centro Linceo interdisciplinare “Benianmino Segre” no. 88. Roma: Accademia nazionale dei Lincei.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

Caneva, Giulia, Daniele Di Stefano, Ciriaco Giampaoloc, and Sandra Ricci. 2004. Stone cavity and porosity as a limiting factor for biological colonisation: The travertine of Lungotevere (Rome). In Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Stockholm June 27 – July 2, 2004. ed. Daniel Kwiatkowski and Runo Löfvendahl. Vol. 1. 227-32. Stockholm: ICOMOS, Sweden.

 Caneva, Giulia, Maria Pia Nugari, and Ornella Salvadori, ed. 2008. Plant Biology for Cultural Heritage: Biodeterioration and Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

Caneva, G., O. Salvadori, S. Ricci, and S. Ceschin. 2005. Ecological analysis and biodeterioration processes over time at the Hieroglyphic Stairway in the Copàn (Honduras) archaeological site. Plant Biosystems: An International Journal Dealing with all Aspects of Plant Biology: Official Journal of the Societa Botanica Italiana 139 (3): 295 – 310.

Carretero, M. I., J. M. Bernabé, and E. Galán. 2006. Application of sepiolite-cellulose pastes for the removal of salts from building stones. Applied Clay Science 33 (1): 43-51.

Chamot, Emile Monnin, and Clyde Walter Mason. 1989 [1940]. Handbook of Chemical Microscopy: Vol. II Chemical Methods and Inorganic Qualitative Analysis. 2nd ed. Chicago, IL: McCrone Research Institute.

 Chapman, Sasha, John Fidler, and John Pickering. 2000. The role, types and properties of building sands and aggregates. In The English Heritage Directory of Building Sands & Aggregates: A Source Book of Aggregate Types & Suppliers in England. ed. Sasha Chapman and John Fidler. 1-10. Shaftesbury: Donhead.

Clark, Kate. 2001. Informed Conservation: Understanding Historic Buildings and Their Landscapes for Conservation. London: English Heritage.

———. 2007. Informing conservation. In Recording, Documentation and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Illustrated Examples. ed. Rand Eppich and Amel Chabbi. 3. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/illustrated_examp les1.pdf

Costa, Dória, and José Delgado Rodrigues. 2008. Consolidation treatment of salt laden materials: Methodology for their laboratory study. In 11th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, 15-20 September 2008, Torun, Poland: Proceedings. ed. Jadwiga W. Łukaszewicz and Piotr Niemcewicz. Vol. 2. 827-35. Toruń: Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika.

———. 2008. Evaluation of consolidation treatments applied to granitic materials: Experience and critical overview of laboratory testing. In Stone Consolidation in Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the International Symposium: Research and Practice: Lisbon, 6-7 May, 2008. ed. José Delgado Rodrigues and João Manuel Mimoso. 389-98. Lisboa: LNEC, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil.

 Croci, Giorgio. 1998. The Conservation and Structural Restoration of Architectural Heritage. International Series on Advances in Architecture, no 1. Southampton, UK and Boston, USA: Computational Mechanics Publications.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

———. 2000. General methodology for the structural restoration of historic buildings: The cases of the Tower of Pisa and the Basilica of Assisi. Journal of Cultural Heritage 1 (1): 7-18.

———. 2006. Seismic behaviour of masonry domes and vaults: The examples of Hagia Sophia in Istanbul and St. Francis In Assisi. In First European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology 3-8 September, 2006, Geneva, Switzerland: Proceedings. ed. 13th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering & 30th General Assembly of the European Seismological Commission. Geneva: s.n.

Croci, G., and A. Viskovic. 1993. Causes of the failures of Coliseum over the centuries and evaluation of the safety levels. In Public Assembly Structures: From Antiquity to the Present: Proceedings of the IASS-MSU International Symposium, May 24-28, 1993, Istanbul, Türkiye. Istanbul: Mimar Sinan Universitesi.

Croci, G., A. Viskovic, A. Bozzetti, L. Ungaro, and M. Vitti. 2008. The Trajan Markets and their Great Hall: The conservation problems and the structural intervention for the improvement of the seismic safety. In Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions: Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historical Constructions, SAHC08, 2-4 July 2008, Bath, United Kingdom. ed. Dina D’Ayala and Enrico Fodde. 1445-53. London: Taylor & Francis.

Croci, G., A. Viskovic, A. Herzalla, M. Erdik, M. Akdoğan, G. de Canio, and L. Antonelli. 2010. Seismic assessment by numerical analyses and shaking table tests for complex masonry structures: The Hagia Irene case study. In 7th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Constructions: Strengthening and Retrofitting. ed. Xianglin Gu and Xiaobin Song. 777-82. Advanced Materials Research vol. 133-134. Stafa-Zuerich and Enfield, N.H.: Trans Tech.

Crosby, Anthony. 1978. A preservation monitoring system at Tumacacori National Monument. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 10 (2): 47-76.

Dallas, Ross, ed. 2003. Measured Survey and Building Recording for Historic Buildings and Structures, Guide for Practitioners 4. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

———. 2007. Tools overview. In Recording, Documentation and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Illustrated Examples. ed. Rand Eppich and Amel Chabbi. 5-9. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/illustrated_examp les1.pdf

 Davidde, Barbara, Sandra Ricci, Domenico Poggi, and Marco Bartolini. 2010. Marine bioerosion of stone artefacts preserved in the Museo Archeologico dei Campi Flegrei in the Castle of Baia (Naples). Archaeologia maritima mediterranea: An International Journal on Underwater Archaeology (7): 75-116.

 de la Torre, Marta, ed. 2002. Assessing the Values of Cultural Heritage: Research Report. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/assessing.pdf

 de Rita, Donatella, and Ciriaco Giampaolo. 2006. A case study: Ancient Rome was built with volcanic stone from the Roman land. In Tuffs: Their Properties, Uses, Hydrology, and Resources. ed. Grant Heiken. 127-31. Special Paper, 408. Boulder, Colo: Geological Society of America.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 Delgado Rodrigues, J. 1996. Conservation of granitic rocks with application to the megalithic monuments. In Degradation and Conservation of Granitic Rocks in Monuments: Proceedings of the EC Workshop Held in Santiago de Compostela (Spain) on 28-30 November 1994. ed. M. A. Vicente Hernández, J. Delgado Rodrigues and J. Acevedo. 161–242. Brussels: European Commission, Directorate-General XII, Science, Research and Development.

 Delgado Rodrigues, José. 2008. Surface and bulk characterisation of stones in architectural heritage. In In Situ Monitoring of Monumental Surfaces. ed. Piero Tiano and Carla Pardini. 143-55. Firenze: Edifir.

Delgado Rodrigues, José, and Dória Costa. 2008. The conservation of granite in Évora Cathedral: From laboratory to practice. In Stone Consolidation in Cultural Heritage: Proceedings of the International Symposium: Research and Practice: Lisbon, 6-7 May, 2008. ed. José Delgado Rodrigues and João Manuel Mimoso. 101-10. Lisboa: LNEC, Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil.

Demas, Martha. 2004. “Site unseen”: The case for reburial of archaeological sites. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6 (3-4): 137-54.

 Doehne, Eric. 2002. Salt weathering: A selective review. In Natural Stone, Weathering Phenomena, Conservation Strategies and Case Studies. ed. Siegfried Siegesmund, T. Weiss and Axel Vollbrecht. 51-64. Geological Society Special Publications no. 205. London: Geological Society.

Doehne, Eric, and C. A. Price. 2010. Stone Conservation: An Overview of Current Research. 2nd ed. Research in Conservation. Los Angeles, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/stoneconservatio n.pdf

English Heritage. 1999. Graffiti on Historic Buildings and Monuments: Methods of Removal and Prevention. Technical Advice Note. London: English Heritage.

http://www.helm.org.uk/guidance-library/graffiti-on-historic-buildings-and-monuments/graffiti- historic-buildings-and-monuments.pdf

 ———. 2011. The heritage of death. Special issue, Conservation Bulletin (66 Summer 2011). http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/conservation-bulletin-66/cb-66.pdf

European Commission. 2013. Culture. http://ec.europa.eu/culture/index_en.htm
 Feilden, Bernard M. 2003. Climatic causes of decay. In Conservation of Historic Buildings. 3rd ed. 93-

118. Oxford: Architectural.

———. 2003. Conservation of Historic Buildings. 3rd ed. Oxford: Architectural.

 ———. 2003. Introduction to architectural conservation. In Conservation of Historic Buildings. 3rd ed. 1-22. Oxford: Architectural.

 Ferretti, Marco. 1993. Analytic methods. In Scientific Investigations of Works of Art. 1-46. Rome: ICCROM.

Fidler, John. 1980. Non-destructive surveying techniques for the analysis of historic buildings. Transactions (Association for Studies in the Conservation of Historic Buildings) 5: 3-10.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

———, ed. 2002. Stone: Stone Building Materials, Construction and Associated Component Systems: Their Decay and Treatment, English Heritage Research Transactions. Research and Case Studies in Architectural Conservation, vol. 2. London: James & James.

 Fidler, John, and Sasha Chapman. 2000. Selecting the sands and aggregates. In The English Heritage Directory of Building Sands & Aggregates: A Source Book of Aggregate Types & Suppliers in England. ed. Sasha Chapman and John Fidler. 11-18. Shaftesbury: Donhead.

Forsyth, Michael, ed. 2007. Structures & Construction in Historic Building Conservation, Historic Building Conservation. Oxford, UK and Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Friedman, Donald. 2000. Ambiguity in building investigation: A study of sampling and decision-making with field data. APT Bulletin 31 (2/3): 39-44.

Gardei, André, Oihana Garcia, Martin Riedl, Ives Vanhellemond, Jerneja Strupi Suput, Maria-Laura Santarelli, Isabel Rodríguez-Maribona, and Urs Müller. 2008. Performance and durability of a new antigraffiti system for cultural heritage: The EC project graffitage. In 11th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone: 15-20 September 2008, Torun, Poland: Proceedings. ed. Jadwiga W. Lukaszewicz and Piotr Niemcewicz. 889-97. Torun: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikolaja Kopernika.

Grossi, Carlota M., Peter Brimblecombe, and Ian Harris. 2007. Predicting long term freeze-thaw risks on Europe built heritage and archaeological sites in a changing climate. Science of the Total Environment 377 (2/3): 273-81.

Hansen, Eric, Eric Doehne, John Fidler, John Larson, Bill Martin, Mauro Matteini, Carlos Rodríguez- Navarro, Eduardo Sebastián Pardo, Clifford Price, Alberto de Tagle, Jeanne Marie Teutonico, and Norman R. Weiss. 2003. A review of selected inorganic consolidants and protective treatments for porous calcareous materials. Reviews in Conservation (4): 13-25.

Hart, David M. 1973. X-ray investigation of buildings. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 5 (1): 9-21.

 Harvey, Donald W., Jr., and Michael P. Schuller. 2010. Nondestructive evaluation: Structural performance of masonry. APT Bulletin 41 (2/3): 51-61. http://www.apti.org/clientuploads/publications/PracticePoints/PracticePoints9.pdf

 Henry, Alison. 2006. Stone Conservation: Principles and Practice. Shaftesbury: Donhead.
 Henry, Alison, and John D. Stewart, eds. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Mortars, Renders &

Plasters, Practical Building Conservation. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.
Heyman, Jacques. 1997. The Stone Skeleton: Structural Engineering of Masonry Architecture. Cambridge

and New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hollis, Malcolm, and Gibson Charles. 2005. Surveying Buildings. 5th ed. London: Rics Books. Hornemann Institut. 2012. SaltWiki. http://www.saltwiki.net/

Hum-Hartley, Susan. 1978. Nondestructive testing for heritage structures. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 10 (3): 4-20.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 ICOM-CC International Council on Museums – Conservation Committee. 2011. Scientific Research Working Group. http://www.icom-cc.org/37/working-groups/scientific-research/

 ICOMOS International Council on Monuments and Sites. 2003. Charters Adopted by the General Assembly of ICOMOS. http://www.icomos.org/en/charters-and-texts

 Jefferson, David, Seamus Hanna, Bill Martin, and David M. Jones. 2006. Identifying and Sourcing Stone for Historic Building Repair: An Approach to Determining and Obtaining Compatible Replacement Stone. Technical Advice Note. Swindon [England]: English Heritage. http://www.english- heritage.org.uk/publications/identifying-and-sourcing-stone-for-historic-building- repair/historicrepairweb.pdf

 Jokilehto, Jukka. 2006. Considerations on authenticity and integrity in World Heritage context. City & Time 2 (1): 1-16. http://www.ceci-br.org/novo/revista/docs2006/CT-2006-44.pdf

 ———, ed. 2008. The World Heritage List: What Is OUV? Defining the Outstanding Universal Value of Cultural World Heritage Properties: An ICOMOS Study, Monuments and Sites, no. 16. Berlin: Hendrik Bässler Verlag and Paris: ICOMOS International Council on Monuments and Sites. http://www.international.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/16/pdf/Monuments_and _Sites_16_What_is_OUV.pdf

Jokilehto, Jukka, and Joseph King. 2001. Authenticity and conservation: Reflections on the current state of understanding. In L’authenticité et l’intégrité dans un contexte africain: Réunion d’experts, Grand Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, 26-29 mai 2000 = Authenticity and Integrity in an African Context: Expert Meeting, Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, 26-29 May 2000. ed. Galia Saouma-Forero. 30-39. [Paris]: UNESCO and [Eybens]: CRATerre, Centre international de recherche et d’application pour la construction en terre.

 Kaplan, Marilyn E., Marie Ennis, and Edmund P. Meade. 1997. Non-Destructive Evaluation Techniques for Masonry Construction. Preservation Tech Notes Masonry no.4. [Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Cultural Resources, Heritage Preservation Services. http://www.nps.gov/tps/how-to-preserve/tech-notes/Tech-Notes-Masonry04.pdf

Kavazanjian, Edward. 2004. The use of geosynthetics for archaeological site reburial. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6 (3-4): 377-93.

 King, Gregg, Susan Kosky, Kathleen Glynn, and Gladys Saborio. 2004. Michigan Historic Cemetery Preservation Manual. Lansing, Mich: Michigan State Historic Preservation Office. https://www.michigan.gov/documents/hal_mhc_shpo_Cemetery_Guide_105082_7.pdf

Koestler, Robert J., Victoria H. Koestler, A. Elena Charola, and Fernando E. Nieto-Fernandez, ed. 2003. Art, Biology, and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Koob, Stephen P., and Won Yee Ng. 2000. The desalination of ceramics using a semi-automated continuous washing station. Studies in Conservation 45 (4): 265-73.

Kumar, Rakesh, and Anuradha V. Kumar. 1999. Biodeterioration of Stone in Tropical Environments: An Overview. Research in Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

Larsen, Knut Einar, ed. 1995. Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention: Nara, Japan, 1-6 November 1994: Proceedings = Conference de Nara sur l’authenticité dans le cadre de la Convention du patrimoine mondial: Nara, Japon, 1-6 novembre 1994: Compte- rendu. Paris: UNESCO World Heritage Centre; ICOMOS and Tokyo: Agency for Cultural Affairs and Roma: ICCROM.

Larsen, Knut Einar, and Nils Marstein, ed. 1994. Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention: Preparatory Workshop, Bergen, Norway, 31 January-2 February 1994. Norway: Riksantikvaren (Directorate for Cultural Heritage) and Tapir Forlag.

Leach, Peter E. 1988. Surveying of Archaeological Sites. London: Institute of Archaeology Publications.

 Letellier, Robin, Werner Schmid, and François LeBlanc. 2007. Recording, Documentation, and Information Management for the Conservation of Heritage Places: Guiding Principles. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/guiding_principle s.pdf

 Lombardo, Tiziana, and Stefan Simon. 2004. Desalination by poulticing: Laboratory study on controlling parameters. In Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone: Stockholm June 27-July 2, 2004. ed. Daniel Kwiatkowski and Runo Löfvendahl. 323-30. Stockholm: ICOMOS Sweden.

 Look, David W. 1976. Review of Desalination of Stone: A Case Study by M. J. Bowley. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 2 (2): 78-79.

 Lowenthal, David. 1991. Authenticity: Rock of faith or quicksand quagmire? Conservation: The GCI Newsletter 14 (3): 5-8.

http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/newsletters/14_3/feature1_2.html

 Lubelli, Barbara, and Rob P.J. van Hees. 2010. Desalination of masonry structures: Fine tuning of pore size distribution of poultices to substrate properties. Journal of Cultural Heritage 11 (1): 10-18.

Lubelli, B., R. P. J. Van Hees, and H. J. P. Brocken. 2004. Experimental research on hygroscopic behaviour of porous specimens contaminated with salts. Construction and Building Materials 18 (5): 339-48.

Mainstone, R. J. 2001. Developments in Structural Form. 2nd ed. Oxford and Boston: Architectural Press.

 Martin, Bill, David Mason, Jeanne Marie Teutonico, and Sasha Chapman. 2002. Stone consolidants: Brethane®: Report of an 18-year review of Brethane®-treated sites. In Stone: Stone Building Materials, Construction and Associated Component Systems: Their Decay and Treatment. ed. John Fidler. 3-18. English Heritage Research Transactions vol. 2. London: James and James.

Massari, Giovanni, and Ippolito Massari. 1993. Damp Buildings, Old and New. ICCROM Technical Notes Series. Rome: ICCROM.

Matero, Frank. 2010. Making archeological sites: Experience or interpretation? CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 7 (2): 51-55. http://www.nps.gov/CRMjournal/Summer2010/view10.html

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 Matero, Frank G., and Judy Peters. Survey Methodology for the Preservation of Historic Burial Grounds and Cemeteries. [Philadelphia]: ScholarlyCommons. Reprinted from APT Bulletin, Volume 34, Issue 2/3, 2003, pages 37-45. http://repository.upenn.edu/hp_papers/5

 Matteini, Mauro. 2008. Monitoring decay processes: Their causes and the durability of conservation treatments. In In Situ Monitoring of Monumental Surfaces. ed. Piero Tiano and Carla Pardini. 7-12. Firenze: Edifir.

Maxwell, Ingval, Ratish Nanda, and Dennis Urquhart. 2001. Conservation of Historic Graveyards. Historic Scotland Guide for Practitioners, 2. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

Moreau, Claire, Véronique Vergès-Belmin, Lise Leroux, Geneviève Orial, Gilles Fronteau, and Vincent Barbin. 2008. Water-repellent and biocide treatments: Assessment of the potential combinations. Journal of Cultural Heritage 9 (4): 394-400.

Morton, W. Brown, III. 1976. Field procedures for examining humidity in masonry buildings. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 8 (2): 2-19.

 Murray, Matthew, Stuart Pryke, and Tim Yates. 2000. Cleaning Exterior Masonry: Developing and Implementing a Strategy. BRE Digest, no 449 part 1. Garston, Watford, England: Building Research Establishment.

 Murray, Matthew, Stuart Pryke, and Tim Yates. 2000. Cleaning Exterior Masonry: Methods and Materials. BRE Digest, no 449 part 2. Garston, Watford, England: Building Research Establishment.

Nascimbene, J., and O. Salvadori. 2008. Lichen recolonization on restored calcareous statues of three Venetian villas. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 62 (3): 313-18.

 Odgers, David, and Seamus Hanna. 2011. Caring for Historic Graveyard and Cemetery Monuments Guidance and Best Practice for the Assessment, Planning and Implementation of Conservation Work to Monuments as Well as Legal Frameworks and Statutory Duties. [Southampton]: English Heritage. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/caring-historic-graveyard-cemetery-monuments/

 Odgers, David, Alison Henry, and English Heritage, ed. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Stone, Practical Building Conservation. Farnham: Ashgate

 Pel, Leo, Alison Sawdy, and Victoria Voronina. 2010. Physical principles and efficiency of salt extraction by poulticing. Journal of Cultural Heritage 11 (1): 59-67.

 Petriaggi, Roberto, and Riccardo Mancinelli. 2004. An experimental conservation treatment on the mosaic floor and perimeter walls of room n. 1 of the so-called Villa con ingresso a protiro in the underwater archaeological park of Baia (Naples). Archaeologia maritima mediterranea: An International Journal on Underwater Archaeology 1: 109-26. http://www.libraweb.net/articoli.php?chiave=624&rivista=45

Powys, A. R., and Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (London England). 1929. Repair of Ancient Buildings. London: J.M. Dent & Sons, Ltd.

Přikryl, Richard, and Bernard J. Smith, ed. 2007. Building Stone Decay: From Diagnosis to Conservation, Geological Society Special Publication no. 271. London: Geological Society.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 Pryke, Stuart. 2000. Cleaning Buildings: Legislation and Good Practice. BRE Digest, no. 448. Watford: CRC.

Ricci, Sandra, Barbara Davidde, Marco Bartolini, and Gian Franco Priori. 2009. Bioerosion of lapideous artefacts found in the underwater archaeological site of Baia (Naples). Archaeologia maritima mediterranea: An International Journal on Underwater Archaeology (6): 167-86.

 Rizzi, Gionata. 1996. Stone preservation and architectural conservation: Two different perspectives? In Proceedings of the 8th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone: Berlin, 30. Sept.-4. Oct. 1996. ed. Josef Riederer. Vol. 2. 879-84. Berlin, Germany: Möller Druck und Verlag.

 ———. 2007. Preface. In Conservation of Ruins. 1st ed. ed. John Ashurst. xix-xxiii. Butterworth- Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology. London and Burlington, Mass.: Butterworth- Heinemann.

Roby, Thomas. 2004. The reburial of mosaics: An overview of materials and practice. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6 (3-4): 229-36.

 ———. 2008. Technician Training for the Maintenance of In Situ Mosaics. Los Angeles, CA: Getty Conservation Institute and Tunis: Institut National du Patrimoine. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/technician_traini ng_2014.pdf

———. 2010. A preliminary assessment of mosaic reburials in Tunisia. In Conservation and the Eastern Mediterranean: Contributions to the Istanbul Congress, 20-24 September 2010. ed. Christina Rozeik, Ashok Roy and David Saunders. 207-13. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works.

 Roby, Thomas C. 1996. The conservation of funerary monuments at the Protestant Cemetery (Cimitero Acattolico) in Rome: Initial treatment of the Lady Temple Memorial. In 11th Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-6 September, 1996: Preprints (Icom Committee for Conservation). ed. Janet Bridgland. 810-15. ICOM Committee for Conservation. London: James & James (Science Publishers) Ltd.

Rockwell, Peter. 1989. Lavorare la pietra: Manuale per l’archeologo, lo storico dell’arte e il restauratore. Beni culturali. Roma: La nuova Italia scientifica.

 ———. 1993. The Art of Stoneworking: A Reference Guide. Cambridge [England] and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Rockwell, Peter, Stanley Rosenfeld, and Heather Hanley. 2004. The Compleat Marble Sleuth. Sunny Isles Beach, FL: Rockrose.

Sabbioni, C., Brimblecombe Peter, and May Cassar. 2010. The Atlas of Climate Change Impact on European Cultural Heritage: Scientific Analysis and Management Strategies. EC Cultural Heritage Research Series. London and New York: Anthem.

Salvadori, Ornella, and A. Elena Charola. 2011. Methods to prevent biocolonization and recolonization: An overview of current research for architectural and archaeological heritage. In Biocolonization of Stone: Control and Preventive Methods: Proceedings from the MCI Workshop

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

Series. ed. A. Elena Charola, Christopher McNamara and Robert J. Koestler. 39-52. Smithsonian Contributions to Museum Conservation no. 2. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/16617

 Sasse, H.R., and R. Snethlage. 1997. Methods for the evaluation of stone conservation treatments. In Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures: Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures, Berlin, March 3-8, 1996. ed. Norbert S. Baer and Rolf Snethlage. 223-43. Dahlem Workshop Reports. Chichester and New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Sawdy, A., A. Heritage, and L. Pel. 2008. A review of salt transport in porous media, assessment methods and salt reduction treatments. In Salt Weathering on Buildings and Stone Sculptures: [Proceedings from the International Conference] 22-24 October 2008, The National Museum Copenhagen, Denmark. 1-27. Lyngby: Technical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering. http://193.175.110.91/repository/images/8/86/Heritage_Pol_SWBSS_2008.pdf

 Schaffer, Robert John. 2004. The Weathering of Natural Building Stones. Shaftesbury: Donhead.

 Scherer, G.W. 2004. Stress from crystallization of salt. Cement and Concrete Research 34 (9): 1613-24.

 Schnabel, Lorraine. 2008. Practice Points Number 05: Mortar analysis part 1: Mortar-making materials. APT Bulletin 39 (1): 1-4. http://www.apti.org/clientuploads/publications/PracticePoints/05-Schnabel.pdf

———.2009. Practice Points Number 07: Mortar analysis part 2: Analytical methods. APT Bulletin 40 (2): 1-7. http://www.apti.org/clientuploads/publications/PracticePoints/PracticePoints11.pdf

———. 2011. Practice Points Number 11: Mortar analysis part 3: Buying the right services. APT Bulletin 42 (1): 1-4.

http://www.apti.org/clientuploads/publications/PracticePoints/PracticePoints11.pdf

 Schork, Jennifer, Norman R. Weiss, and John J. Walsh. 2012. Comparative laboratory evaluation of conservation mortars. APT Bulletin 43 (1): 7-14.

Scottish Lime Centre, and Historic Scotland. 2003. Preparation and Use of Lime Mortars. Rev. ed. Historic Scotland Technical Advice Notes 1. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

Shadmon, Asher. 1996. Stone: An Introduction. 2nd ed. London: Intermediate Technology.

 Siedel, Heiner, and Siegfried Siegesmund. 2011. Characterisation of stone deterioration on buildings. In Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 4th ed. ed. Siegfried Siegesmund and Rolf Snethlage. 6.4.1–6.4.2.7. New York: Springer.

 Siegesmund, Siegfried, and Helumt Durrast. 2011. Physical and mechanical properties of rocks. In Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 4th ed. ed. Siegfried Siegesmund and Rolf Snethlage. 3.6.1–3.6.3, 3.7–3.7.4. New York: Springer.

Smith, Bernard J., and Alice V. Turkington, ed. 2004. Stone Decay: Its Causes and Controls. Shaftesbury: Donhead.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

Smith, M. R. 1999. Geology. In Stone: Building Stone, Rock Fill, and Armourstone in Construction. 7-64. Geological Society Engineering Geology Special Publication no. 16. London: Geological Society.

 Snethlage, Rolf. 2011. Stone conservation. In Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 4th ed. ed. Siegfried Siegesmund and Rolf Snethlage. 7.1–7.2.8. New York: Springer.

Stanley-Price, Nicholas, and Amanda Thursfield. 2011. The Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome: Management and stone conservation. In Jardins de Pierres: Conservation de la pierre dans les parcs, jardins & cimetières = Conservation of Stone in Parks, Gardens, and Cemeteries: 14es journées d’études de la SFIIC: Paris, Institut national du patrimoine, 22-24 juin 2011. ed. M. Stefanaggi and V. Vergès-Belmin. 64-71. Champs-sur-Marne: SFIIC Section française de l’Institut international de conservation. http://www.cemeteryrome.it/history/PDFs-Docs/SFIIC.pdf

 Stanley-Price, Nicholas. 2014. The Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome: Its history, its people and its survival for 300 years. Rome: Non-Catholic Cemetery in Rome.

Steiger, Michael. 2005. Salts in Porous Materials: Thermodynamics of Phase Transitions, Modeling and Preventive Conservation. Restoration of Buildings and Monuments, 11 (6), 419-432.

http://193.175.110.91/repository/images/d/dc/RBM%2C_Vol._11%2C_No._6%2C_419- 432_%282005%29-Steiger.pdf

Stewart, John. 2004. Conservation of archaeological mosaic pavements by means of reburial. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6 (3-4): 237-46.

 Strangstad, Lynette. A Graveyard Preservation Primer. 2nd ed. American Association for State and Local History Book Series.

Teutonico, Jeanne Marie. 1988. A Laboratory Manual for Architectural Conservators. Rome: ICCROM. http://007.iccrom.org/ifrcdn/pdf/ICCROM_11_LabManual_en.pdf

Teutonico, Jeanne-Marie, Iain McCaig, and John Ashurst. 1994. The Smeaton Project: Factors affecting the properties of lime-based mortars. APT Bulletin 25 (3-4): 32-49.

Tiano, Piero, and Carla Pardini, ed. 2008. In Situ Monitoring of Monumental Surfaces. Firenze: Edifir.

Torraca, Giorgio. 2009. Lectures on Materials Science for Architectural Conservation. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

http://www.getty.edu/conservation/publications_resources/pdf_publications/pdf/torraca.pdf

 Tretiach, Mauro, Stephano Bertuzzi, and Ornella Salvadori. 2008. In situ vitality monitoring of photosynthetic organisms by Chlorophyll α Fluorescence techniques. In In Situ Monitoring of Monumental Surfaces. ed. P. Tiano and C. Pardini. 279-86. Florence: Edifir.

 UNESCO. 1972. Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. http://whc.unesco.org/en/conventiontext/

———. 1995-2011. Legal Instruments: Conventions. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php- URL_ID=12025&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=-471.html

———. 1995-2011. Legal Instruments: Declarations. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php- URL_ID=12025&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=-471.html

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

———. 1995-2011. Legal Instruments: Recommendations. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php- URL_ID=12026&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=-471.html

 ———. 2001. Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001260/126065e.pdf

 UNI Ente nazionale italiano di unificazione = UNI – Italian Organization for Standardization. 2006. UNI 11182 Beni culturali Materiali lapidei naturali ed artificiali: Descrizione della forma di alterazione Termini e definizioni = Cultural Heritage: Natural and Artificial Stone: Description of the Alteration: Terminology and Definition. Milano and Roma: UNI Ente nazionale italiano di unificazione.

Urquhart, Dennis. 1999. The Treatment of Graffiti on Historic Surfaces: Advice on Graffiti Removal Procedures, Anti-Graffiti Coatings and Alternative Strategies. Technical Advice Note no. 18. Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.

Válek, J., C. Groot, and J .J. Hughes, ed. 2010. Historic Mortars: HMC 2010 and RILEM TC 203-RHM Final Workshop Bagneux, France: RILEM Publications.

Veloccia, Maria Luisa. 1978. Conservation problems of mosaics in situ. In Mosaics, No. 1: Deterioration and Conservation, Rome, November 1977. ed. Forrest Selvig. 39-46. Rome: International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property.

Vergès-Belmin, Véronique, ed. 2008. Illustrated Glossary on Stone Deterioration Patterns = Glossaire illustré sur les formes d’altération de la pierre. English-French ed, Monuments & Sites no. 15. Paris: ICOMOS and (ISCS) International Scientific Committee for Stone. http://www.icomos.org/publications/monuments_and_sites/15/pdf/Monuments_and_Sites_15_ISC S_Glossary_Stone.pdf

 Vergès-Belmin, Véronique, Alison Heritage, and Ann Bourgès. 2011. Powdered cellulose poultices in stone and wall painting conservation: Myths and realities. Studies in Conservation 56 (4): 281-97.

Vergès-Belmin, Véronique, and H. Siedel. 2005. Desalination of masonries and monumental sculptures by poulticing: A review. Restoration of Buildings and Monuments: An International Journal = Bauinstandsetzen und Baudenkmalpflege: Eine internationale Zeitschrift 11 (6): 391-408.

 Voronina, V., L. Pel, A. Sawdy, and K. Kopinga. 2013. The influence of osmotic pressure on poulticing treatments for cultural heritage objects. Materials and Structures/Materiaux et constructions 46 (1- 2): 221-31.

Warscheid, Th, and J. Braams. 2000. Biodeterioration of stone: A review. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation 46 (4): 343-68.

Weaver, Martin E., and F. G. Matero. 1997. Conserving Buildings: Guide to Techniques and Materials. Rev. ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Webster, Robin G. M., ed. 1992. Stone Cleaning and the Nature, Soiling and Decay Mechanisms of Stone: Proceedings of the International Conference Held in Edinburgh, Uk, 14-16 April 1992. London: Donhead.

BIBLIOGRAPHY CONT’D

 Wendler, E. 1997. New materials and approaches for the conservation of stone. In Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures: Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Saving Our Architectural Heritage: The Conservation of Historic Stone Structures, Berlin, March 3- 8, 1996. ed. Norbert S. Baer and Rolf Snethlage. 181-96. Dahlem Workshop Reports. Chichester and New York: John Wiley & Sons.

 Wheeler, George. 2005. Alkoxysilanes and the Consolidation of Stone. Research in Conservation. Los Angeles, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute.

 White, Jenifer, and Hodson Joan, ed. 2007. Paradise Preserved: An Introduction to the Assessment, Evaluation, Conservation and Management of Historic Cemeteries. [Swindon]: English Heritage. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/publications/paradise- preserved/paradise_preserved_20081010174134.pdf/

 Winkler, Erhard M. 1994. Stone conservation on buildings and monuments. In Stone in Architecture: Properties, Durability. 3rd completely rev. and extended ed. 264-82. Berlin and New York: Springer-Verlag.

 Wissenschaftlich-Technische Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Bauwerkserhaltung und Denkmalpflege e.V., ed. 2005. Non-Destructive Desalination of Natural Stones and Other Porous Building Materials with Poultices = Zerstörungsfreies Entsalzen von Naturstein und anderen porösen Baustoffen mittels Kompressen = Dessalement non-destructif des pierres naturelles et autres matériaux poreux à l’aide de compresses. English ed, Guideline 3-13-01/E. München: WTA-Publications.

 Zehnder, K. 2007. Long-term monitoring of wall paintings affected by soluble salts. Environmental Geology 52 (2): 395-409. http://www.springerlink.com/content/d83mgt447227h668/

Zizola, Chiara. 2008. The legacy of Nora, Sardinia: A project for the conservation, restoration, and maintenance of mosaics. In Lessons Learned: Reflecting on the Theory and Practice of Mosaic Conservation: Proceedings of the 9th ICCM Conference, Hammamet, Tunisia, November 29-December 3, 2005 = Leçons retenues: Les enseignements tirés des expériences passées dans le domaine de la conservation des mosaïques: Actes de la 9e conférence de l’ICCM, Hammamet, Tunisie, 29 novembre- 3 décembre 2005. ed. Aïcha Ben Abed, Martha Demas and Thomas Roby. 165-73. Los Angeles, California: Getty Conservation Institute.

  1. Barry, Robin. 2001. The Construction of Buildings. New York: Wiley.
  2. Bucher, Ward. 1996. Dictionary of Building Preservation. New York: Wiley.
  3. Burden, Ernest. 2004. Illustrated Dictionary of Architectural Preservation. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional.
  4. Campbell, James W.P., and William Pryce. 2003. Brick: A World History. London: Thames and Hudson.
  5. Chudley, Roy, Roger Greeno, Mike Hurst, and Simon Topliss. 2011. Construction Technology. New Jersey: Pearson Education.
  6. Harris, Cyril M. 2005. Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. 4th Edition. New York: McGraw-Hill Education.
  7. Hodge, J.C., and Malcom Thorpe. 2006. Brickwork for Apprentices. London: Routledge.
  8. Jupp, Edmund W. 2002. Brick Watching. Wiltshire: Cromwell Press.
  9. Lynch, Gerard. 2007. The History of Gauged Brickwork: Conservation, Repair and Modern Application. London: Routledge.
  10. Nash, W.G. 2002. Brickwork. 3rd edition. Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes Ltd.
  11. Neufert, Ernest, and Peter Neufert. 2012. Neufert Architects’ Data. 4th Edition. Hobokon: Wiley–Blackwell.
  12. Sowden, A. Maurice, ed. 1990. The Maintenance of Brick and Stone Masonry Structures. London: Taylor and Francis.

American Preservation (US) (began publication 1978) Built Environment Theme issue: ‘Conservation in Western planning systems’, vol. 23 no. 4 (1997); Theme issue: ‘Conservation: experience outside the industrialized West’, vol. 25 no. 3 (1999); Theme issue: ‘Built heritage conservation education’, vol. 33 no. 3 (2007) DeutscheKunst und Denkmalpflege (Germany: began publication 1994) Historic Preservation Forum (US) ICOMOS Bulletin International Journal of Heritage Studies (began publication 1995); Theme issue: ‘Contested heritage’, vol. 2 (1996) Journal of Architectural Conservation (began publication 1995) Journal of Cultural Heritage (began publication 2000) Monumental (France: began publication 1993) Monuments Historiques (de la France) (although largely architectural) Monumentum (ICOMOS: ceased publication c. 1984) Restauro (quaderni di restauro dei monumenti e di urbanistica dei centri antichi) (Italy: began publication 1976) Town Planning Review Theme issue: ‘Conservation of the built environment in the UK’, vol. 64 no. 4 (1993). Note also that this journal had a tradition of conservation-related papers in the 4th issue of each year from the 1970s into the 1990s

 

ArchNet cultural resource management and historic preservation resources http://www.lib.uconn.edu/ArchNet/Topical/CRM/CRM.html principally USA International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) http://www.icomos.org Internet resources for heritage conservation, historic preservation and archaeology http://www.cr.nps.gov/ncptt.irg Multilaterals Project http://www.tufts.edu/fletcher/multilaterals.html see Cultural Protection section; contains most major relevant international treaties etc. UNESCO World Heritage Center http://www.unesco.org includes link to the World Heritage List

 

 

 

  • Allerdale, 1978 

    D.C. Allerdale

    Muryport District Plan (Draft)

    Chief Planning Officer (1978)

  • Alnwick, 1979 

    D.C. Alnwick

    Alnwick Town Centre Draft District Plan

    (1979)

  • Anson, 1981 

    B. Anson

    I’ll Fight You for it: Behind the Struggle for Covent Garden

    Jonathan Cape (1981)

  • Architectural Heritage Fund, 1979 

    Architectural Heritage Fund

    The Architectural Heritage Fund: Report for the Period 26 May 1976 to 5 April 1979

    (1979)

  • Arts Council, 1980 

    Arts Council

    Progress and Renewal: Thirty-fifth Annual Report and Accounts 1979/80

    (1980)

  • Banham, 1981 

    R. Banham

    Slight agony in the Garden

    New Society (1981), pp. 505–507 17 December 1981

  • Bath City Council, 1978 

    Bath City Council

    Saving Bath: A Programme for Conservation

    (1978)

  • Best and Rodgers, 1973 

    R.H. Best, A.W. Rodgers

    The Urban Countryside

    Faber and Faber (1973)

  • Boutwood and Iken, 1980 

    J.A. Boutwood, S. Iken

    Essex revolving fund: A means of salvaging historic buildings

    Building Conservation (1980), pp. 16–18 May/June 1980

  • Bradley, 1980 

    J. Bradley

    The Housing Action Area Approach

    University of Birmingham (1980) CURS (RM 77)

  • Buchanan, 1968 

    C. Buchanan

    Bath: A Study in Conservation

    HMSO (1968) and Partners

  • Burrows, 1968 

    G.S. Burrows

    Chichester, A Study in Conservation

    HMSO (1968)

  • Camina, 1974 

    M.M. Camina

    Local authorities and the attraction of industry

    Progress in Planning, Vol 3 (1974) Part 2

  • Carrick, 1975 

    D.C. Carrick

    Penryn Housing Action Area Report (1975) (unpublished)

  • Centre For Urban and Regional Studies, 1975 

    Centre For Urban and Regional Studies

    The Cheltenham Housing Study

    (1975) (RM 48)

  • Chapman, 1978 

    M.R. Chapman

    Housing in the Ironbridge Gorge Conservation Area

    Environmental Health (1978), pp. 151–152 July 1978

  • Christensen, 1980 

    T. Christensen

    Neighbourhood Survival

    Prism Press (1980)

  • Civic Trust, 1980 

    Civic Trust

    Wirksworth: Revitalising a Derbyshire Town

    Civic Trust News (1980) Sept/Oct 1980

  • Civic Trust, 1981 

    Civic Trust

    The Wirksworth Project

    Heritage Outlook (1981), pp. 122–124 Sept/Oct 1981

  • Covent Garden Community Association, 1980 

    Covent Garden Community Association

    Covent Garden: Putting the record straight

    CGCA (1980)

  • DOE, 1975 

    DOE

    Housing Act 1974: Parts IV, V, VI, Circular 14/75

    (1975)

  • DOE, 1977 

    DOE

    Historic Buildings in Conservation Areas: Policy and Procedure. Circular 23/77.

    (1977)

  • DOE, 1978 

    DOE

    Developed Areas 1969: A Survey of England and Wales

    Planning Intelligence Directorate (1978)

  • DOE, 1978b 

    DOE

    English House Condition Survey 1976: Part 1: Report of the Physical Condition Survey

    HMSO (1978)

  • DOE, 1980 

    DOE

    Housing Acts 1974 and 1980: Improvement of Older Housing. Circular 21/80

    (1980)

  • DOE, 1981 

    DOE

    Historic Buildings and Conservation Areas. Circular 12/81

    (1981)

  • Dick, 1974 

    A.H.S. Dick

    Finance for conservation

    RTPI Journal (1974), pp. 948–952 October 1974

  • Dobby, 1978 

    A. Dobby

    Conservation and Planning

    Hutchinson (1978)

  • Elson, 1980 

    M. Elson

    What future for the green belt?

    Architects’ Journal (1980), pp. 711–714 9 April 1980

  • English Tourist Board, 1978 

    English Tourist Board

    Report on Survey of London Residents’ Opinions of Tourism

    ETB (1978)

  • Esher, 1968a 

    L.G. Esher

    York: A Study in Conservation

    Report to the MHLG and York City Council, HMSO (1968)

  • Esher and Buck, 18 January 1967 

    L.G. Esher, Hadley Buck

    York: A Study in Conservation Economic pressures and the role of planning

    HMSO (1968) quoting Architects’ Journal (18 January 1967)

  • Eversley, 1974 

    D. Eversley

    Conservation for the minority

    Built Environment, Vol 3 (No. 1) (1974), pp. 14–16

  • Falk, 1980 

    N. Falk, et al.

    Local Economic Development: A Guide to US Experience

    Urbed Research Trust (1980)

  • Ferris, 1972 

    J. Ferris

    Participation in Urban Planning: The Barnsbury Case

    Bell and Son (1972)

  • Freeman, 1980 

    J. Freeman

    Mortgage myopia

    Chartered Surveyor (1980), pp. 291–298 March 1980

  • Gamston, 1975 

    D. Gamston

    The Designation of Conservation Areas: A Survey of the Yorkshire Region

    Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies, University of York (1975)

  • Green and Ayton, 1967 

    R.J. Green, J. Ayton

    Changes in the pattern of rural settlement

    Planning for the Changing Countryside, Proceedings of a Town Planning Institute Conference, London 1967 (1967)

  • Hamnett and Williams, 1979 

    C. Hamnett, P. Williams

    Gentrification in London 1961–1971: An Empirical and Theoretical Analysis of Social Change

    University of Birmingham (1979) CURS (RM 71)

  • Hart, 1980 

    D.A. Hart

    Urban Economic Development: Lessons for British Cities from Germany and America

    Department of Geography, University of Reading (1980)

  • Heart of England Tourist Board, 1977 

    Heart of England Tourist Board

    Tourism in Cheltenham

    (1977)

  • Historic Buildings Council For England, 1978 

    Historic Buildings Council For England

    Annual Report 1976–1977

    HMSO (1978)

  • Historic Buildings Council For England, 1981 

    Historic Buildings Council For England

    AnnualReport 1979–1980

    HMSO (1981)

  • Housing Services Advisory Group, 1981 

    Housing Services Advisory Group

    Housing Action Areas and the Role of Housing Associations

    DOE (1981)

  • Insall, 1968 

    D. Insall

    Chester, A Study in Conservation

    HMSO (1968)

  • Kain, 1981 

    R. Kain (Ed.), Planning for Conservation, Mansell (1981)

  • Keeble, 1964 

    L. Keeble

    Principles and Practice of Town and Country Planning

    Estate Gazette (1964) (3rd Edition)

  • Kennet, 1972 

    W. Kennet

    Preservation

    Temple Smith (1972)

  • Kent County Council, 1973 

    Kent County Council

    Sandwich: Informal District Plan for Conservation

    (1973)

  • Loughlin, 1981 

    M. Loughlin

    Planning gain: law, policy and practice

    Oxford Journal of Legal Studies (1981), pp. 61–97 Spring 1981

  • Lynch, 1972 

    K. Lynch

    What Time is this Place?

    MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass (1972)

  • Marks, 1980 

    L. Marks

    Mammon in the garden

    Observer (1980) 22 June 1980

  • McGill and Barton, 1980 

    R. McGill, K. Barton

    Conservation measures as a basis for local plans: The experience of Cockermouth and Maryport

    Planning Outlook, Vol 22 (No. 2) (1980), pp. 52–60

  • Merrett, 1976 

    S. Merrett

    Gentrification

    ,in: Edwards (Ed.), et al., Housing and Class in Britain, Vol 2 of Political Economy of Housing Workshop, CSE (1976)

  • Middleton, 1972 

    M. Middleton

    Tourism and the Environment

    papers presented at the conference on Tourism and the Environment, BTA (1972)

  • Middleton, 1981 

    P. Middleton

    Facade repair scheme: Two approaches compared

    Building Conservation (1981), pp. 16–18 May 1981

  • MHLG, 1965 

    MHLG

    Report of the Committee on Housing in Greater London

    the Milner Holland Report, HMSO (1965) (Cmnd 2605)

  • MHLG, 1967 

    MHLG

    Civic Amenities Act 1967, Parts I and II. Circular 53/67

    (1967)

  • MHLG, 1968 

    MHLG

    Barnsbury Environmental Study

    Report of a Joint Study Group of MHLG and the GLC (1968)

  • MHLG, 1969 

    MHLG

    People and Planning

    The Skeffington Report, HMSO (1969)

  • MHLG, 1970 

    MHLG

    Preservation Policy Group: Report to the Minister of Housing and Local Government

    HMSO (1970)

  • Ministry of Transport, 1963 

    Ministry of Transport

    Traffic in Towns

    The Buchanan Report, HMSO (1963)

  • Monahan, 1979 

    J. Monahan

    Garden question time

    Architects’ Journal (1979) 19/26 December 1979

  • Moseley, 1980 

    M.J. Moseley

    Rural development and its relevance to the inner city debate

    A report commissioned by the SSRC Inner City Working Party, The Inner City in Context, 9, SSRC (1980)

  • Moss, 1978 

    G. Moss

    The Village: A matter of life or death

    Architects’ Journal (1978), pp. 99–139 18 January 1978

  • Newnham, 1980 

    R. Newnham

    Community enterprise: British potential and American experience

    School of Planning Studies, University of Reading (1980) OP 3

  • Nicholas, 1971 

    M. Nicholas

    A bit of Bloomsburyin the balance

    Architects’ Journal (1971), pp. 1–4 6 January 1971

  • OECD, 1980 

    OECD

    The Impact of Tourism on the Environment

    General Report (1980)

  • Parkinson, 1982 

    E. Parkinson

    Energy

    J. Amos (Ed.), Perspectives for Planning, University of Birmingham, Inlogov (1982)

  • Pearce, 1980 

    G. Pearce

    Planning for Conservation

    Planning Outlook, Vol 22 (No. 2) (1980), pp. 46–52

  • Phillips, 1979 

    M. Phillips

    The Guardian (1979) Monday 8 October 1979

  • Price, 1981 

    C. Price

    The built environment: The case against conservation

    The Environmentalist, Vol 1 (No. 1) (1981), pp. 39–41

    Article PDF (245K)

  • Roberts, 1976 

    J.T. Roberts

    General Improvement Areas

    Saxon House (1976)

  • Rock, 1980 

    D. Rock

    The Grassroots Developers: A Handbook for Town Development Trusts

    RIBA (1980)

  • Townsend, 1974 

    Rock Townsend

    Vivat Ware

    Report prepared for East Hertfordshire District Council (1974)

  • RBKC, 1979 

    RBKC

    St. Quintin Estate, Oxford Gardens Conservation Area Policy

    Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (1979)

  • SHPRS, 1980 

    SHPRS

    What’s happening to West Spitalfields?

    Spitalfields Housing and Planning Rights Service (1980)

  • Stone, 1970 

    P.A. Stone

    Urban Development in Britain: Standards. Costs and Resources 1964–2004

    CUP (1970)

  • Thomas, 1979 

    A.D. Thomas

    Area Based Renewal: Three Years in the Life of a Housing Action Area

    University of Birmingham (1979) CURS (RM 72)

  • Thomas, 1981 

    A.D. Thomas

    Local Authority Agency Services: Their Role in House improvement

    University of Birmingham (1981) CURS (RM 88)

  • Tower Hamlets, 1974 

    L.B. Tower Hamlets

    Policy for the Control of Office Development in Tower Hamlets

    (1974)

  • Tower Hamlets, 1977 

    L.B. Tower Hamlets

    Towards a Local Plan for Spitalfields

    (1977)

  • Tower Hamlets, 1979 

    L.B. Tower Hamlets

    Fournier Street Outstanding Conservation Area: Planning and Conservation Policy

    (1979)

  • Underwood and Stewart, 1978 

    J. Underwood, M. Stewart

    Local economic initiatives by local authorities

    The Planner (1978), pp. 110–112 July 1978

  • Uttlesford, 1979 

    D.C. Uttlesford

    Saffron Walden: A Conservation Study: Part I

    (1979)

  • Wates, 1981 

    N. Wates

    Kirkland comes alive

    Architects’ Journal (1981), pp. 844–846 28 October 1981

  • Whittaker and Brown, 1981 

    C. Whittaker, P. Brown

    Housing rehabilitation for communities

    Building Conservation (1981), pp. 10–11 January 1981

  • Wools, 1978 

    R. Wools

    Conservation in the Counties

    Building Design (1978) 1 December 1978

 

Bibliography

Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

A Bibliography Second Edition

Edited by
Susan Macdonald and Gail Ostergren

Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography

Second Edition

Edited by Susan Macdonald and Gail Ostergren

THE GETTY CONSERVATION INSTITUTE LOS ANGELES

© 2011, 2013 J. Paul Getty Trust
All rights reserved. First edition 2011. Second edition 2013

The Getty Conservation Institute 1200 Getty Center Drive, Suite 700 Los Angeles, CA 90049-1684 United States

Telephone 310 440-7325
Fax 310 440-7702
E-mail gciweb@getty.edu http://www.getty.edu/conservation

The Getty Conservation Institute works internationally to advance conservation practice in the visual arts— broadly interpreted to include objects, collections, architecture, and sites. The GCI serves the conservation com- munity through scientific research, education and training, model field projects, and the dissemination of the results of both its own work and the work of others in the field. In all its endeavors, the GCI focuses on the creation and delivery of knowledge that will benefit the professionals and organizations responsible for the conservation of the world’s cultural heritage.

Cover:
Salk Institute, La Jolla, California (1962-67, Louis Kahn) Photo: Gail Ostergren, ©2013, J. Paul Getty Trust

Contents

Note to the Second Edition v

CHAPTER 1

Introduction 01 CHAPTER 2

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage 04

CHAPTER 3

Conservation of Twentieth-Century Buildings and Structures 16

CHAPTER 4

Conservation of Specific Twentieth-Century Construction Materials and Systems

  1. 4.1  General Material Conservation Issues 36
  2. 4.2  Cladding Materials (tile, terracotta, mosaic, and others) 40
  3. 4.3  Concrete and Cast Stone 44
  4. 4.4  Construction Systems (prefabricated systems, curtain walling,

    and others) 55

  5. 4.5  Finishes and Paints 57
  6. 4.6  Flooring and Paving 59
  7. 4.7  Glass, Glazing, and Windows 61
  8. 4.8  Masonry 64
  9. 4.9  Metals 66
  10. 4.10  Plastics 71
  11. 4.11  Roofing 73
  12. 4.12  Wood 74

CHAPTER 5

Sustainability and Adaptive Reuse 76 Appendix: Additional Resources 79

Note to the Second Edition

Among the primary aims of the Getty Conservation Institute’s Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative (CMAI) is the production of publications and resources that will assist in advancing this field of conservation. In the first edition of Conserving Twentieth Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography, published in the fall of 2011, the editors committed to updating the publication periodically in order to capture the most current literature in this rapidly growing area of conservation practice. To that end, the GCI is pleased to release this second edition, which captures materials published since 2011, as well as a number of older works that were omitted from the first edition. The structure of this document follows the original, with minor revi- sions to some of the chapter titles to better reflect content.

We are also pleased to announce that in addition to the published version, the bibliography is searchable on the GCI’s Abstracts of International Conservation Literature (AATA) Online. It can be found on the browse tab, along with other GCI project bibliographies at http://aata.getty.edu/Browse. The first edition of the bibli- ography will be available on AATA until January 2014, when it will be replaced by this revised edition.

Special thanks go to Anna Duer, GCI Research Assistant, for her efforts in compiling the bibliography, and to Ana Paula Arato Gonçalves for her assistance reviewing the new entries. We are also thankful for the comments and suggestions submitted by users of the first edition, which have been incorporated here as appro- priate. The CMAI welcomes further comments to help us improve future versions. Please email them to CMAI@Getty.edu.

v

CHAPTER 1

Introduction to the Bibliography

One of the objectives of the Getty Conservation Institute (GCI)’s Conserving Modern Architecture Initiative (CMAI) is to produce key texts that address issues critical to the conservation of modern architecture. To commence this work, the GCI has prepared Conserving Twentieth-Century Built Heritage: A Bibliography as a resource for conservation practitioners working with twentieth-century built heritage. This bibliography includes texts of international, national, and regional significance, but does not seek to be fully comprehensive at a global level and gen- erally excludes highly localized guides or product documents. It is organized as a subject bibliography and is structured so that users can easily expand upon it as needed to include specific local references or additional subject categories (such as twentieth-century landscape architecture design). This bibliography is focused on English-language literature pertaining to the conservation of twentieth-century buildings and structures, although a few non-English-language texts that contain abstracts in English have been included.

This work builds upon earlier bibliographies including those that appeared in:

  • National Park Service. 1993. Twentieth Century Building Materials, 1900- 1950: An Annotated Bibliography. Washington, DC: US Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division.
  • T. Jester, ed. 1995. Twentieth-Century Building Materials History and Conservation. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • S. Macdonald, ed., and English Heritage. 1996. Modern Matters: Principles and Practice in Conserving Recent Architecture. Shaftesbury: Donhead Publishing.
  • S. Macdonald, ed., and English Heritage. 2001. Preserving Post-War Heritage: The Care and Conservation of Mid-Twentieth Century Architecture. Shaftesbury: Donhead Publishing.

    Some of the bibliographies cited above may initially appear to be more extensive than the present work. When conservation of twentieth-century heritage first started to gain momentum, very limited literature was available on the subject. The bibliographies produced within the English Heritage volumes, for example, captured as many documents as could be identified at the time. Since the mid- 1990s, there has been considerably more scholarship on this issue resulting in a number of conference proceedings, articles, and books. The GCI has sought to incorporate this more recent literature, while excluding many of the editorials and short journal commentaries that were present in the earlier volumes.

1

2

Introduction to the Bibliography

 

identification

, documentation,

protection,

conserva- tion case studies

 

  •  
  • Sustainability and Adaptive Reuse (chapter 5) provides references to texts, guides, and case studies that explain principles or provide examples of adaptive reuse, as well as energy conservation, sustainable practices, and mechanical ser- vices in twentieth-century buildings and structures.

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

Adamson, Paul, and Marty Arbunich. 2002. Eichler: Modernism Rebuilds the American Dream. 1st ed. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith.

Akcan, Esra. 2012. Architecture in Translation: Germany, Turkey, and the Modern House. Durham: Duke University Press.

Alanís, Enrique X. de Anda. 2009. The preservation of historic architecture and the beliefs of the Modern Movement in Mexico: 1914–1963. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 6 (2): 58-73.

Albrecht, Donald, and Margaret Crawford. 1995. World War II and the American Dream: How Wartime Building Changed a Nation. Washington, D.C.; Cambridge, Mass.: National Building Museum; MIT Press.

Allan, John. 2010. Private privilege – public duty: Examples of recent English experience in modern conservation. Journal of Architecture 15 (5): 651-70.

ArchiAfrika. 2005. Proceedings: Conference “Modern Architecture in East Africa Around Independence”, 27th-29th July 2005, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Utrecht: ArchiAfrika.

Architectural Engineering: New Concepts, New Methods, New Materials, New Applications. 1955. New York: F.W. Dodge Corp.

Bachmann, Jul, and Stanislaus von Moos. 1969. New Directions in Swiss Architecture. New Directions in Architecture. New York: G. Braziller.

Bahga, Sarbjit, Surinder Bahga, and Yashinder Bahga. 1993. Modern Architecture in India: Post-Independence Perspective. New Delhi: Galgotia Pub. Co.

Ball, Norman R. 1988. Building Canada: A History of Public Works. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Banham, Reyner. 1962. Guide to Modern Architecture. Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand. ———. 1966. The New Brutalism: Ethic or Aesthetic? Documents of Modern Architecture

5. New York: Reinhold Publishing.

———. 1976. Megastructure: Urban Futures of the Recent Past. 1st U.S. ed. New York: Harper & Row.

———. 1977. Age of the Masters: A Personal View of Modern Architecture. Rev., repr. ed. London: Architectural Press.

———. 1980. Theory and Design in the First Machine Age. 1st MIT Press paperback ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

———. 1984. The Architecture of the Well-Tempered Environment. 2nd ed. London; Chicago: Architectural Press; University of Chicago Press.

———. 1986. A Concrete Atlantis: U.S. Industrial Building and European Modern Architecture, 1900-1925. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

4

5

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

Belle, John, John Ray Hoke, Stephen A. Kliment, Charles George Ramsey, and Harold Reeve Sleeper. 1991. Traditional Details for Building Restoration, Renovation, and Rehabilitation: From the 1932-1951 Editions of Architectural Graphic Standards. New York: Wiley.

Bemis, Albert Farwell. 1933. The Evolving House, Volume III: Rational Design. Cambridge, Mass.: The Technology Press, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Benevolo, Leonardo. 1971. History of Modern Architecture. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass.: M.I.T. Press.

Benton, Tim. 2006. The Modernist Home. London: V&A Publications.

Benton, Tim, Charlotte Benton, and Dennis Sharp, eds. 1975. Architecture and Design, 1890-1939: An International Anthology of Original Articles. New York: Whitney Library of Design.

Bernik, Stane, Damjana Preseren, Gojko Zupan, Jelka Pirkovic, Miha Desman, Miran Kambic, and Barbara Simoniti. 2003. 20th Century Architecture: From Modernist to Contemporary: Guide to Architecture. The European Heritage Days Series. Ljubljana: Institute for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage of Slovenia.

Birksted, Jan Kenneth. 2007. The politics of copying: Le Corbusier’s ‘immaculate concep- tions’. Oxford Art Journal 30 (2): 307-26.

Birnbaum, Charles A., and Robin S. Karson, eds. 2000. Pioneers of American Landscape Design. New York: McGraw Hill.

Blake, Peter. 1977. Form Follows Fiasco: Why Modern Architecture Hasn’t Worked. 1st ed. Boston: Little, Brown.

———. 1993. No Place Like Utopia: Modern Architecture and the Company We Kept. 1st ed. New York: Knopf.

Blau, Eve, and Monika Platzer, eds. 1999. Shaping the Great City: Modern Architecture in Central Europe 1890-1937. Munich; London; New York: Prestel.

Boddy, Trevor. 1987. Modern Architecture in Alberta. Edmonton; Regina: Alberta Culture and Multiculturalism; Canadian Plains Research Center.

Boddy, Trevor, and James Dow. 2007. Capital Modern: A Guide to Edmonton Architecture & Urban Design, 1940-1969. 1st ed. Edmonton: Art Gallery of Alberta.

Bowley, Marian. 1960. Innovations in Building Materials, An Economic Study. Industrial Innovation Series. London: Duckworth.

Bowman, Ian. 2012. Exploring the California ranch precinct of Hamilton East, New Zealand. APT Bulletin 43 (1): 25-29.

Boyd, Robin. 1968. New Directions in Japanese Architecture. New Directions in Architecture. New York: G. Braziller.

Bozdoğan, Sibel. 2001. Modernism and Nation Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic. Studies in Modernity and National Identity. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Bozdogan, Sibel, and Esra Akcan. 2012. Turkey. Modern Architectures in History. London: Reaktion Books.

Bricker, Lauren Weiss, Luis Hoyos, and Judith Sheine, eds. 2007. Engaging the Recent Past. Special issue. Journal of Architectural Education 61 (2).

Bruce, Alfred, and Harold Sandbank. 1972. A History of Prefabrication. Technology and Society. New York: Arno Press.

Bruegmann, Robert. 1994. Modernism at Mid-Century: The Architecture of the United States Air Force Academy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

6

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

Buckner, Cory. 2000. “Case Study House 1950 and the Plyluminum House: A Comparative Analysis.” MArch thesis, University of California, Los Angeles.

Building Research Station (Great Britain). 1959. Principles of Modern Building. Vol. 1. 3rd ed. London: H.M.S.O.

Bullock, Nicholas. 2002. Building the Post-War World: Modern Architecture and Reconstruction in Britain. London; New York: Routledge.

Bullrich, Francisco. 1969. New Directions in Latin American Architecture. New Directions in Architecture. London: Studio Vista.

Burchard, John E., and Albert Bush-Brown. 1967. The Architecture of America: A Social and Cultural History. Abridged ed. London: Victor Gollancz, Itd.

Bureau of Architecture and Urbanism. 1987. Toronto Modern Architecture, 1945-1965: Catalogue of the Exhibition With Critical Essays. Toronto: Coach House Press; The Bureau.

Burke, Sheridan. 2007. ICOMOS: Twentieth Century Heritage International Scientific Committee. Journal of Architectural Conservation 13 (2): 143-50.

Bush, Donald J. 1975. The Streamlined Decade. New York: G. Braziller.

Caldenby, Claes, and Ola Wedebrunn, eds. 2010. Living and Dying in the Urban Modernity: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden: Nordic-Baltic Experiences. København: Docomomo Denmark; Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture.

Carter, Peter, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. 1999. Mies van der Rohe At Work. London: Phaidon.

Cavalcanti, Lauro. 2009. The role of Modernists in the establishment of Brazilian cultural heritage. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation History, Theory and Criticism 6 (2): 14-31.

Cetto, Max. 2011. Modern Architecture in Mexico = Arquitectura moderna en México: Edición facsimilar = Facsimile Edition. 1st. fac. ed. México, D.F.: Museo de Arte Moderno; Holcim Apasco.

Charlton, Susannah, Elain Harwood, and Alan Powers, eds. 2007. British Modern: Architecture and Design in the 1930s. Twentieth Century Architecture 8. London: Twentieth Century Society.

Chilton, John, and Heinz Isler. 2000. Heinz Isler. The Engineer’s Contribution to Contemporary Architecture. London: T. Telford.

Cirici, Cristian, Fernando Ramos, and Ignasi Solà-Morales Rubió. 1998. The reconstruc- tion of the Barcelona Pavilion. In Konservierung der Moderne?: Conservation of Modern Architecture?: Über den Umgang mit den Zeugnissen der Architekturgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, Congress Center Leipzig, 31.10.-2.11.1996, 45-49. ICOMOS-Hefte des Deutschen Nationalkomitees 24. Berlin: ICOMOS.

Clark, Clifford Edward. 1986. The American Family Home, 1800-1960. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Clement, Alexander. 2011. Brutalism: Post-War British Architecture. Ramsbury: Crowood. Cohen, Jean-Louis. 2012. The Future of Architecture, Since 1889. London; New York:

Phaidon.
Cohen, Jean-Louis, and Gerard Martin Moeller, eds. 2006. Liquid Stone: New Architecture

in Concrete. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Collins, Peter. 1998. Changing Ideals in Modern Architecture, 1750-1950. 2nd ed. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.

7

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

Colquhoun, Alan. 2002. Modern Architecture. Oxford History of Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

———. 2005. Die Fassade in ihren modernen Varianten: Überlegungen zur Rolle der Fassade in der modernern Architektur [The facade in its modern variants: Thoughts on the role of the facade in modern architecture]. Werk, Bauen + Wohnen (12): 12-19.

Condit, Carl W. 1961. American Building Art: The Twentieth Century. New York: Oxford University Press.

Connah, Roger. 2005. Finland. Modern Architectures in History. London: Reaktion. Conrads, Ulrich, ed. 1971. Programs and Manifestoes on 20th-Century Architecture. 1st

MIT Press paperback ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Conrads, Ulrich, and Hans- G. Sperlich. 1962. Architecture of Fantasy: Utopian Building

and Planning in Modern Times. New York: Praeger.
Constant, Caroline. 2012. The Modern Architectural Landscape. Minneapolis: University

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Copans, Richard Neumann Stan, and Julien Donada. 2005. Architectures 4 Architekturen

4. Chicago: Facets Video.

Cowell, Elspeth. 1994. The Canadian Pavilion at the 1939 New York World’s Fair and the development of Modernism in Canada. Bulletin (Society for the Study of Architecture in Canada) 19 (1): 13-20.

Curtis, William J. R. 1996. Modern Architecture Since 1900. 3rd ed. London: Phaidon Press.

Dahinden, Justus. 1972. Urban Structures for the Future. New York: Praeger Publishers. Dannatt, Trevor. 1959. Modern Architecture in Britain: Selected Examples of Recent

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De Maré, Eric Samuel, and Koloman Hajnal-Kónyi. 1958. New Ways of Building. 3rd, rev.

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Duanfang Lu, ed. 2011. Third World Modernism: Architecture, Development and Identity. New York, NY: Routledge.

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Eggener, Keith. 1999. Postwar Modernism in Mexico: Luis Barragán’s Jardines del Pedregal and the international discourse on architecture and place. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 58 (2): 122-45.

Eng, John, and Adriene Biondo. 2011. Modern Tract Homes of Los Angeles. Atglen PA: Schiffer.

Esher, Lionel. 1981. A Broken Wave: The Rebuilding of England, 1940-1980. London: Allen Lane.

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8

History and Background on Twentieth-Century Built Heritage

Feuerstein, Günther. 1968. New Directions in German Architecture. New Directions in Architecture. London: Studio Vista.

Fishwick, Marshall, and J. Meredith Neil. 1974. Popular Architecture. Bowling Green, Ohio: Bowling Green Popular Press.

Fitch, James Marston. 1973. American Building. 2nd, rev. and enl. ed. New York: Schocken Books.

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Ford, James, and Katherine Morrow Ford. 1989. Classic Modern Homes of the Thirties: 64 Designs by Neutra, Gropius, Breuer, Stone, and Others. Reprint ed. New York: Dover Publications.

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———. 2008. Space, Time and Architecture: The Growth of a New Tradition. 5th, rev. and enl. ed. Charles Eliot Norton Lectures 1938-1939. Cambridge, Mass.; London: Harvard University Press.

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9

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Zalivako, Anke. 2008. A critique of the preservation of Moscow’s Planetarium. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation History, Theory and Criticism 5 (1): 38-50.

CHAPTER 4

Conservation of Specific Twentieth-Century Construction Materials and Systems

4.1 General Material Conservation Issues

Allan, John. 1998. Conservation of modern buildings in England. In Konservierung der Moderne?: Conservation of Modern Architecture?: Über den Umgang mit den Zeugnissen der Architekturgeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, Congress Center Leipzig, 31.10.-2.11.1996, 95-101. ICOMOS-Hefte des Deutschen Nationalkomitees 24. Berlin: ICOMOS.

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American Builder and Building Age. 1939. Insulation board for home building. American Builder and Building Age (December): 43-71.

Amit-Cohen, Irit. 2008. Silicatescape: Preserving building materials in the old urban center landscape: The case of the silicate brick and urban planning in Tel Aviv-Jaffa. Journal of Cultural Heritage 9 (4): 367-75.

Ashurst, John, and Nicola Ashurst. 1988. Practical Building Conservation. English Heritage Technical Handbook. New York: Halsted Press.

Ashurst, Nicola. 1994. Cleaning Historic Buildings. London: Donhead.

Bleekman, George M. 1993. Twentieth Century Building Materials, 1900-1950: An Annotated Bibliography. NPS Reading List. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service.

Borden, Gail Peter. 2010. Material Precedent: The Typology of Modern Tectonics. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons.

Brantley, L. Reed, and Ruth T. Brantley. 1996. Building Materials Technology: Structural Performance and Environmental Impact. New York: McGraw-Hill.

British Standards Institution. 2000. Code of Practice for Cleaning and Surface Repair of Buildings. BS 8221:2000. London: British Standards Institution.

Campkin, Ben, and Paul Dobraszczyk, eds. 2007. Architecture and Dirt. Special issue. Journal of Architecture 12 (4): 347-470.

Carughi, Ugo. 2004. Il Palazzo delle Poste Centrali di Napoli: la qualità dell’architettura moderna attraverso la sperimentazione di nuovi materiali e di tecnologie inedite [The Central Post Office building in Naples: The quality of modern architecture through experimentation with new materials and unusual technologies]. In Architettura e mate- riali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di

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studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 939-47. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Černá, Iveta, and Ivo Hammer, eds. 2008. Materiality: Proceeding of the International Symposium on the Preservation of Modern Movement Architecture, Brno, 27-29 April 2006. Brna: Muzeum města Brna & Hornemann Institut.

Cowan, Henry J., and Peter R. Smith. 1988. The Science and Technology of Building Materials. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

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Dajnowski, Andrzej, Adam Jenkins, and Andrew Lins. 2009. The use of lasers for cleaning large architectural structures. APT Bulletin 40 (1): 13-23.

Deeson, A. F. L. 1965-. The Comprehensive Industrialised Building Systems Annual. London: Morgan-Grampian Ltd.

Di Battista, Valerio, and Paolo Gasparoli. 2004. Qualità e affidabilità dell’intonaco “Terranova” [Quality and reliability of “Terranova” plaster]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 785-93. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Dietz, Albert G. H. 1949. Engineering Laminates. New York: J. Wiley.
———. 1949. Materials of Construction: Wood, Plastics, Fabrics. Technical Series on

Building Construction. New York,: D. Van Nostrand Co.

———. 1969. Composite Engineering Laminates. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

———. 1974. Dwelling House Construction. 4th ed. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Dowling, Joanna. 2009. Blanketing the home: The use of thermal insulation in American housing, 1920-1945. APT Bulletin 40 (1): 33-39.

Elliott, Cecil D. 1992. Technics and Architecture: The Development of Materials and Systems for Buildings. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

English Heritage. 1991. Framing Opinions supplement. English Heritage Conservation Bulletin (14): i-xii.

Fiore, Vittorio, and Paola De Joanna. 2004. La sperimentazione di tecnologie innovative del ‘900: Criticità e processo manutentivo attraverso l’osservazione del Mercato Ittico di Luigi Cosenza (Napoli 1929-30) [Experimentation with innovative 20th-century technology: Critical elements and maintenance processes through observation of the Fish Market of Luigi Cosenza (Naples, 1929-30)]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 1011-20. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Fontana, Carlotta, and Valerio Di Battista. 2004. L’intonaco Terranova nella Milano del Moderno [Terranova plasterwork in Modern Movement Milan]. In Architettura e mate- riali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 1171-79. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Gannon, Todd. 2002. The Light Construction Reader. Source Books in Architecture 2. New York: Monacelli Press.

Glass, G. K., and J. R. Chadwick. 1994. An investigation into the mechanisms of protec- tion afforded by a cathodic current and the implications for advances in the field of cathodic protection. Corrosion Science 36 (12): 2193-209.

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General Material Conservation Issues

Grattan, David W., ed. 1993. Saving the Twentieth Century: The Conservation of Modern Materials: Proceedings of a Conference Symposium ‘91: Saving the Twentieth Century, Ottawa, Canada, 15 to 20 September, 1991. Ottawa: Canadian Conservation Institute.

Grunenberg, Christoph, and Sheila Kennedy. 2001. KVA: Material Misuse. Architecture Landscape Urbanism, vol. 4. London: Architectural Association.

Guedes, Pedro, ed. 1979. Encyclopedia of Architectural Technology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Guise, David. 1991. Design and Technology in Architecture. Rev. ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Hamm, Manfred, Rolf Steinberg, and Robert Jungk. 2000. Dead Tech: A Guide to the Archaeology of Tomorrow. Santa Monica, Calif.: Hennessey & Ingalls.

Hornbostel, Caleb. 1991. Construction Materials: Types, Uses, and Applications. 2nd ed. New York: Wiley.

International Working-Party for Documentation and Conservation of Buildings Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. 2006. Climate and Building Physics in the Modern Movement. Preservation Technology Dossier 9. Paris: Docomomo International.

Jandl, H. Ward. 1982. Rehabilitating Historic Storefronts. Preservation Briefs 11. Washington, D.C.: Technical Preservation Services, Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of the Interior.

Jerome, Pamela, Norman Weiss, and Hazel Ephron. 2006. Fallingwater part 2: Materials- conservation efforts at Frank Lloyd Wright’s masterpiece. APT Bulletin 37 (2/3): 3-11.

Jester, Thomas C. 1993. Historic 20th-century building products database. CRM: [bulletin] 16 (6): 21-22.

———, ed. 1995. Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Knobloch, Philip G. 1991. Architectural Details from the Early Twentieth Century: A Facsimile Ed. Of Good Practice in Construction, Originally Published in 1931. Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Architects Press.

Knudsen, Vern Oliver. 1932. Architectural Acoustics. New York: J. Wiley & sons, Inc.; London, Chapman & Hall, Limited.

Knudsen, Vern Oliver, and Cyril M. Harris. 1978. Acoustical Designing in Architecture. New York: American Institute of Physics.

Lea, F. M. 1971. Science and Building: A History of the Building Research Station. London: H.M.S.O.

Minke, Gernot. 2000. Earth Construction Handbook: The Building Material Earth in Modern Architecture. International Series on Advances in Architecture, vol. 10. Southampton, England; Billerica, MA: WIT Press; Computational Mechanics.

Mostafavi, Mohsen, and David Leatherbarrow. 1993. On Weathering: The Life of Buildings in Time. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Ottavino, Kate Burns. 1991. Replacement alternatives: A guide to specifying original materials and new substitutes. Architecture: The AIA Journal 80 (11): 117-20.

Pigeon, M., and M. Regourd. 1986. The effects of freeze-thaw cycles on the microstructure of hydration products. Durability of Building Materials 4 (1): 1-19.

Pourbaix, Marcel. 1974. Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions. 2nd ed. Houston, Tex.: National Association of Corrosion Engineers.

39

General Material Conservation Issues

Reed, J. Ronald, and Stephanie Culp. 1989. The Craftsmanship Revival in Interior Design: How Today’s Artisans Preserve Yesterday’s Skills. 1st American ed. New York: H. Holt.

Russell, Barry. 1981. Building Systems, Industrialization, and Architecture. London; New York: Wiley.

Sabine, Hale J. 1954. Manufacture and distribution of acoustical materials over the past 25 years. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 26 (5): 657-61.

Shreir, L.L. 1982. Electrochemical Principles of Corrosion: A Guide for Engineers. Teddington, Middlesex: National Physical Laboratory, Department of Industry.

Shute, Montague Arnold, and F. E. Drury, ed. 1947. Modern Building Materials. London: I. Pitman.

Simonson, Kaye Ellen. 1990. Maintaining Historic Buildings: An Annotated Bibliography. NPS Reading List. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division.

Simpson, John W., and Peter J. Horrobin. 1970. The Weathering and Performance of Building Materials. New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Simpson, Pamela H. 1999. Cheap, Quick, & Easy: Imitative Architectural Materials, 1870- 1930. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Stern, Rudi. 1979. Let There Be Neon. New York: Abrams.

Strike, James. 1991. Construction into Design: The Influence of New Methods of Construction on Architectural Design, 1690-1990. Oxford; Boston: Butterworth Architecture.

Taylor, Geoffrey D. 2002. Materials in Construction: Principles, Practice and Performance. 2nd ed. Harlow, Essex, England: Longman.

Thompson, Emily Ann. 1992. ‘“Mysteries of the Acoustic’: Architectural Acoustics in America.” PhD thesis, Princeton University.

Treadaway, Kenneth W.J. 1988. Corrosion period. In Corrosion of Steel in Concrete: Report of the Technical Committee 60-CSC, RILEM (the International Union of Testing and Research Laboratories for Materials and Structures), edited by Peter Schiessl, 56-69. London: Chapman and Hall.

Warland, Edmund George. 1949. The Technique of Building. London: English Universities Press.

———. 1950. The Fabric of Modern Buildings. Repr. ed. London: Pitman.
Weaver, Martin E., and F. G. Matero. 1997. Conserving Buildings: Guide to Techniques

and Materials. Rev. ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Weiss, Norman, Pamela Jerome, and Stephen Gottlieb. 2001. Fallingwater part 1: Materials-conservation efforts at Frank Lloyd Wright’s masterpiece. APT Bulletin 32 (4): 44-55.

Whitford, M.J. 1992. Getting Rid of Graffiti: A Practical Guide to Graffiti Removal and Anti-Graffiti Protection. London; New York: E & FN Spon.

Wilson, Forrest. 1984. Building Materials Evaluation Handbook. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Yeomans, David T. 1997. Construction Since 1900: Materials. London: B. T. Batsford.

4.2 Cladding Materials (tile, terracotta, mosaic, and others)

Allanbrook, Timothy, and Kyle C. Normandin. 2003. Limestone deterioration and lime mortar repairs case study: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. In The Ninth North American Masonry Conference, Clemson, South Carolina, June 1-4, 2003: Proceedings, 920-31. Boulder, CO.: Masonry Society.

American Institute of Architects. 1961. Public Works Specifications: Ceramic Veneer. A.I.A. File No. 9. Lincoln, Calif.: Gladding, McBean.

Andrews, Andrew I. 1961. Porcelain Enamels: The Preparation, Application, and Properties of Enamels. 2nd ed. Champaign, Ill.: Garrard Press.

Bardelli, Pier Giovanni, and Carlo Ostorero. 2002. Frammenti per narrare la storia: Torino e l’evoluzione del mosaico dalla produzione artistica alla cultura edilizia nel XX secolo: Cultura, tecnologia, conservazione [Fragments for telling the story: Turin and the evolution of the production of art mosaics for architecture in the 20th century: Culture, technology, conservation]. In I mosaici: Cultura, tecnologia, conservazione: Atti del convegno di studi, Bressanone, 2-5 luglio 2002, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 327-36. Scienza e beni culturali 18. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Boccuni, Veronica L. 2002. Antoni Gaudí e la tecnica del trencadís ceramico [Antoni Gaudí and the technique of trencadís ceramic]. In I mosaici: Cultura, tecnologia, conservazione: Atti del convegno di studi, Bressanone, 2-5 luglio 2002, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 399-408. Scienza e beni culturali 18. Marghera- Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Brookes, Alan. 2008. Cladding of Buildings. 4th ed. Abington, England; New York: Taylor & Francis.

Damusis, Adolfas, ed. 1967. Sealants. New York: Reinhold.

Dekeyser, L., Ann Verdonck, and H. De Clercq. 2011. Pierre-simili and cimorné cladding: From modern craftsmanship to contemporary renovation techniques. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XII, edited by C. A. Brebbia and Luigia Binda, 601-14. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 118. Southampton; Boston: WIT Press.

Doebley, Carl E., Seymour Z. Lewin, and Sherman Aronson. 1991. Detergent and hypo- chlorites for the cleaning of travertine. APT Bulletin 23 (2): 54-58.

Durbin, Lesley. 2005. Architectural Tiles: Conservation and Restoration: From the Medieval Period to the Twentieth Century. Amsterdam; Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Filippi, Elena, and Emilia Garda. 2002. Il rivestimento in tessere vitree e la collaborazione fra artisti ed architetti nell’Italia degli anni trenta [Glass tesserae mosaic work and collaboration between artists and architects in Italy during the 1930s]. In I mosaici: Cultura, tecnologia, conservazione: Atti del convegno di studi, Bressanone, 2-5 luglio 2002, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 767-76. Scienza e beni culturali 18. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Friedman, Donald. 2001. Anchoring systems for architectural terra cotta in curtain-wall construction. APT Bulletin 32 (4): 17-21.

Geer, Walter. 1920. The Story of Terra Cotta. New York: T.A. Wright.

Grootenboer, D. H., and Don Graf. 1939. A material of versatility: Porcelain enameled iron sheets. Pencil Points 20: 181-96.

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Cladding Materials

Hansen, J. E., M. J. Bahnsen, and Ferro Enamel Corporation. 1937. A Manual of Porcelain Enameling. Cleveland, Ohio; Philadelphia: Published for the Ferro Enamel Corp. by the Enamelist Pub. Co.; Philadelphia Book Co.

Herbert, Tony, and Kathryn Huggins. 1995. The Decorative Tile: In Architecture and Interiors. London: Phaidon Press.

International Working-Party for Documentation and Conservation of Buildings Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. 2003. Stone in Modern Buildings: Principles of Cladding. Preservation Technology Dossier 6. Paris: Docomomo International.

Jester, Thomas C. 1995. Porcelain enamel. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 254-61. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Knight, L.A. 1937. Process of Making Artificial Stone Wall Facings. United States Patent Office. 2,095,642. October 12, 1937.

Lewis, Michael D. 1995. Modern Stone Cladding: Design and Installation of Exterior Dimension Stone Systems. ASTM Manual Series 21. Philadelphia: ASTM.

Mack, Robert C. 1983. The manufacture and use of architectural terra cotta in the United States. In The Technology of Historic American Buildings: Studies of the Materials, Craft Processes, and the Mechanization of Building Construction, edited by H. Ward Jandl, 117-51. Springfield, Illinois: Association for Preservation Technology International.

Merwood, Joanna. 2001. The mechanization of cladding: The reliance building and narra- tives of modern architecture. Grey Room (4): 53-69.

Myers, John H. 1984. Aluminum and Vinyl Sidings on Historic Buildings: The Appropriateness of Substitute Materials for Resurfacing Historic Wood Frame Buildings. Preservation Briefs 8. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division, Technical Preservation Services.

National Research Council (U.S.). Building Research Institute. 1958. Adhesives and Sealants in Building; a Research Correlation Conference Conducted by the Building Research Institute, December 4 and 5, 1957, at the Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D.C. National Research Council Publication 577. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council.

National Terra Cotta Society. 1914. Architectural Terra Cotta: Standard Construction. Architect’s ed. New York, N.Y.: National Terra Cotta Society.

———. 1927. Terra Cotta, Standard Construction. Rev. ed. New York, N.Y.: National Terra Cotta Society.

Normandin, Kyle C., and Michael A. Petermann. 2001. The International Power Style of the Modern Movement: Part one – aesthetic challenges in preserving dimensional stone cladding. In International Millennium Congress: More Than Two Thousand Years in the History of Architecture, 1-6. Paris: UNESCO. http://www.unesco.org/archi2000/ pdf/normandin.pdf

Panek, Julian R., and John Philip Cook. 1992. Construction Sealants and Adhesives. 3rd ed. Wiley Series of Practical Construction Guides. New York: Wiley.

Plummer, Harry C., and Edwin F. Wanner. 1947. Principles of Tile Engineering; Handbook of Design. Washington: Structural Clay Products Institute.

Prudon, Theodore H. M. 1978. Architectural terra cotta: Analyzing the deterioration prob- lems and restoration approaches. Technology & Conservation 3 (3): 30-38.

42

Cladding Materials

Prudon, Theodore Henricus Maria. 1981. “Architectural Terra Cotta and Ceramic Veneer in the United States Prior to World War II: A History of Its Development and an Analysis of Its Deterioration Problems and Possible Repair Methodologies.” PhD thesis, Columbia University.

Rostron, Michael. 1964. Light Cladding of Buildings. London: Architectural Press. Scheffler, Michael J. 2001. Thin-stone veneer building facades: Evolution and preservation.

APT Bulletin 32 (1): 27-34.

Scheffler, Michael J., and Kyle C. Normandin. 2004. Dimension stone durability: Evaluation of climactic data for several European and North American cities. In Dimension Stone 2004: New Perspectives for a Traditional Building Material: Proceedings of the International Conference on Dimension Stone 2004, 14-17 June 2004, Prague, Czech Republic, edited by Richard Přikryl, 203-10. Leiden: Balkema.

Searls, Carolyn L., and Cece Louie. 2001. The good, the bad, and the ugly: Twenty years of terra-cotta repairs reexamined. APT Bulletin 32 (4): 29-36.

Searls, Carolyn L., and Sven E. Thomasen. 1991. Repair of the terra-cotta facade of Atlanta City Hall. In Structural Repair and Maintenance of Historical Buildings II, Vol. 2: Dynamics, Stabilisation and Restoration: Proceedings of the Second International Conference, held in Seville, Spain, 14-16 May 1991, edited by C.A. Brebbia, J. Dominguez and F. Escrig, 247-57. Southampton: Computational Mechanics Publications.

Seiler, James, and Paul Gilbert Campbell. 1982. Development of Interim Performance Criteria for Restoration Coatings for Porcelain Enamel Surfaces. NBSIR 82-2553. Washington, D.C.; Springfield, Va.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards.

Seymour, Raymond B., ed. 1979. Plastic Mortars, Sealants, and Caulking Compounds: Based on a Symposium Sponsored by ACS Division of Organic Coating and Plastics at the ACS/CSJ Chemical Congress (177th ACS National Meeting), Honolulu, Hawaii, April 3, 1979. ACS Symposium Series 113. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society.

Sidraba, Inese, Kyle C. Normandin, Giuseppe Cultrone, and Michael J. Scheffler. 2004. Climatological and regional weathering of Roman travertine. In Architectural and Sculptural Stone in Cultural Landscape: Proceedings of the International Conference Lux et Lapis (Light and Stone) 2002, edited by Richard Přikryl and Petr Siegl, 211-28. Prague: Charles University in Prague, the Karolinum Press.

Stockbridge, Jerry G. 1980. Evaluation of terra cotta on in-service structures. In Durability of Building Materials and Components: Proceedings of the First International Conference, edited by Peter J. Sereda and Gerard G. Litvan, 218-30. ASTM Special Technical Publication 691. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

Stratton, Michael. 1993. The Terracotta Revival: Building Innovation and the Image of the Industrial City in Britain and North America. London: Victor Gollancz in association with Peter Crawley.

Taylor, Michael. 2000. In search of Vitrolite. Context (65): 9-10.
Thomasen, Sven E. 2009. Did it work? Post-restoration evaluation of terra cotta at Atlanta

City Hall. APT Bulletin 40 (2): 29-33.

Thomasen, Sven E., and Carolyn L. Searls. 1988. Diagnosis of terra-cotta glaze spalling. In Masonry: Materials, Design, Construction, and Maintenance, edited by Harry A. Harris, 227-36. ASTM Special Technical Publication 992. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

43

Cladding Materials

Tiller, de Teel Patterson. 1979. The Preservation of Historic Glazed Architectural Terra- Cotta. Preservation Briefs 7. Washington, D.C.: Technical Preservation Services, Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of Interior.

Tindall, Susan M. 1989. How to prepare project-specific terra-cotta specifications. APT Bulletin 21 (1): 26-36.

Wilson, Richa, and Kathleen Snodgrass. 2008. Early 20th-Century Building Materials. Siding and Roofing. Tech Tips. Missoula, Mont.: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology & Development Program.

4.3 Concrete and Cast Stone

Akhurst, Paul, Susan Macdonald, and Trevor Waters. 2005. Sydney Opera House: Analysis and cleaning of the concrete. Journal of Architectural Conservation 11 (3): 45-64.

American Concrete Institute. 2010. ACI Manual of Concrete Practice, 2010. Farmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute.

American Concrete Institute. Committee 210. 1994. Compendium of Case Histories on Repair of Erosion-Damaged Concrete in Hydraulic Structures. ACI 210.1R-94. Detroit, Mich.: American Concrete Institute.

American Concrete Institute. Committee 506. 2005. Guide to Shotcrete. Farmington Hills, Mich.: American Concrete Institute.

American Concrete Institute Committee 546. 2004. Concrete Repair Guide. ACI 546R-04. Farmington Hills, MI: American Concrete Institute.

Arya, C., and P. R. W. Vassie. 1995. Influence of cathode-to-anode ratio and separation distance on galvanic corrosion currents of steel in concrete containing chlorides. Cement and Concrete Research 25 (5): 989-98.

Australian Concrete Repair Association (ACRA), Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), and Standards Australia. 2006. Guide to Concrete Repair and Protection. 2nd ed. SAA HB 84-2006. Sydney: ACRA; CSIRO; Standards Australia.

Bell, Joseph N. 1969. From the Carriage Age … To the Space Age … The Birth and Growth of the Concrete Masonry Industry. Arlington, Va.: National Concrete Masonry Association.

Bennett, David. 2001. Exploring Concrete Architecture: Tone, Texture, Form. Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser.

Bennett, David, and Concrete Centre. 2006. Concrete Elegance. London: RIBA Publications.

Bertolini, Luca, Maddalena Carsana, Matteo Gastaldi, Pietro Pedeferri, and Elena Redaelli. 2004. Indagine sulle strutture in calcestruzzo armato di due edifici di Milano alla soglia dei 50 anni: La casa-albergo di via Corridoni e l’ex-Istituto Marchiondi [Study on the reinforced concrete structure of two 50-year-old buildings in Milan: The apartment hotel in Via Corridoni and the former Marchiondi Institute]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 919-28. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Bertolini, Luca, Maddalena Carsana, and Elena Redaelli. 2006. Conservation of historical reinforced concrete structures by means of electrochemical realkalisation. In Proceedings of the 2nd FIB Congress: June 5-8, 2006, Naples, Italy. Naples: FIB Italia.

Bertolini, Luca, Federica Lollini, and Elena Redaelli. 2009. Corrosion assessment of struc- tural and decorative reinforced concrete of Torre Velasca in Milan. In Protection of Historical Buildings: PROHITECH 09: Proceedings of the International Conference on Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH 09, Rome, Italy, 21-24 June 2009, edited by Federico M. Mazzolani, 495-500. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Inc.

Bianco, Alessia. 2004. Impiego delle PnD per la valutazione delle risorse dell’edilizia storica in calcestruzzo armato: Il caso dell’edilizia in “muratura confinata” dei primi del novecento a Reggio Calabria [The use of nondestructive testing for the evaluation of the resources of historic buildings in reinforced concrete: The case of buildings with “confined masonry” from the early 1900s in Reggio Calabria]. In Architettura e mate-

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Concrete and Cast Stone

riali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 369-77. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Billig, Kurt. 1953. Prestressed Concrete. New York: Van Nostrand.

———. 1955. Precast Concrete. New York: Van Nostrand.

Boothby, Thomas E., M. Kevin Parfitt, and Mark Ketchum. 2012. Milo S. Ketchum and thin-shell concrete structures in Colorado. APT Bulletin 43 (1): 39-46.

Boothby, Thomas E., M. Kevin Parfitt, and Charlene K. Roise. 2005. Case studies in diag- nosis and repair of historic thin-shell concrete structures. APT Bulletin 36 (2-3): 3-11.

Bouichou, M., E . Marie-Victoire, and D. Brissaud. 2009. Comparative study of cleaning techniques to be used on concrete indoors. In Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting II: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR), Cape Town, South Africa, 24-26 November 2008, edited by Mark G. Alexander, Hans-Dieter Beushausen, Frank Dehn, and Pilate Moyo, 311–12. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press.

Bouichou, M., E. Marie-Victoire, A. François, F. Bousta, and G. Orial. 2010. Elimination of biological covering on concrete: Tests in situ of different techniques. In Concrete Under Severe Conditions: Environment and Loading: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Concrete Under Severe Conditions (CONSEC’10), Merida, Yucatan, Mexico, 7-9 June 2010, edited by Pedro Castro-Borges, 1181-88. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press.

British Cement Association. 1992. The Diagnosis of Alkali-Silica Reaction. 2nd ed. Berkshire, England: British Cement Association.

British Standards Institution. 1988. Testing Concrete. Part 124, Methods for Analysis of Hardened Concrete. London: British Standards Institution.

———. 2009. Products and Systems for the Protection and Repair of Concrete Structures. Definitions, Requirements, Quality Control and Evaluation of Conformity. General Principles for Use of Products and Systems. 2nd ed. BS EN 1504-9:2008. London: British Standards Institute.

Brocklebank, Ian. 2005. Concrete, carbonation, and corrosion. Journal of the Building Limes Forum 12: 35-45.

Broomfield, John P. 2007. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete: Understanding, Investigation and Repair. 2nd ed. London; New York: Taylor & Francis.

Bruschi, Greta, Paolo Faccio, Sergio Pratali Maffei, and Paola Scaramuzza. 2004. Fenomeni di degrado e metodologie di intervento nei calcestruzzi della architetture di Carlo Scarpa [Deterioration phenomena and intervention methodologies on concrete structures in the architecture of Carlo Scarpa]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 757-64. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Building Research Establishment. 1982. The Durability of Steel in Concrete. Part 1, Mechanism of Protection and Corrosion. Building Research Establishment Digest 263. London: H.M.S.O.

———. 1988. Alkali Aggregate Reactions in Concrete. Building Research Establishment Digest 330. Garston, Watford, Eng.: Building Research Establishment, Building Research Station.

———. 1991. Structural Appraisal of Existing Buildings for Change of Use. BRE Digest 366. Gaston: Building Research Establishment.

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Concrete and Cast Stone

———. 1991. Sulphate and Acid Resistance of Concrete in the Ground. BRE Digest 363. Garston, Watford, Eng.: Building Research Establishment, Building Research Station.

———. 1995. Carbonation of Concrete and Its Effects on Durability. BRE Digest 405. Garston, Watford, Eng.: Building Research Establishment.

Bussell, Michael N. 1996. The development of reinforced concrete: Design theory and practice. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Structures and Buildings 116 (3-4): 317-34.

———. 2007. Conservation of concrete and reinforced concrete. In Structures & Construction in Historic Building Conservation, edited by Michael Forsyth, 192-210. Historic Building Conservation. Oxford, UK; Malden, MA: Blackwell.

———. 2008. Concrete and reinforced concrete. In Materials & Skills for Historic Building Conservation, edited by Michael Forsyth, 92-108. Historic Building Conservation. Oxford; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing.

Cailleux, Emmanuel, and Élisabeth Marie-Victoire. 2007. La réalcanisation, une nouvelle technique de conservation des monuments historiques en béton armé: évaluation de l’efficacité, de la durabilité et de l’innocuité des traitements = Assessment of the appli- cation of realkalisation treatments for the preservation of historical monuments made of reinforced concrete. L’Actualité Chimique (312-313): 22-28.

Campbell-Allen, D., and H. Roper. 1991. Concrete Structures: Materials, Maintenance, and Repair. Concrete Design and Construction Series. Harlow, Essex, England; New York: Longman Scientific & Technical; J. Wiley.

Cather, R., J.W. Figg, A.F. Marsden, and T.P. O’Brien. 1984. Improvements to the Figg method for determining the air permeability of concrete. Magazine of Concrete Research 36 (129): 241-45.

Chao-Ching Fu. 1995. Problems of historicity in the conservation of the pioneering rein- forced concrete buildings in Taiwan. In Structural Studies of Historical Buildings IV, Volume 1: Architectural Studies, Materials and Analysis, edited by C. A. Brebbia and B. Leftheris, 53-60. Southampton; Boston: Computational Mechanics Publications.

Childe, H. L. 1936. Manufacture and Uses of Concrete Products and Cast Stone. 6th ed. Concrete Series. London: Concrete Publications.

Chiorino, Cristiana. 2006. Structural concrete architectural heritage, problems and strate- gies for documentation and conservation: The case study of Turin. In Proceedings of the 2nd FIB Congress: June 5-8, 2006, Naples, Italy. Naples: FIB Italia.

Chusid, Jeffrey M. 2011. Preserving the Textile Block at Florida Southern College. New York: World Monuments Fund. http://www.wmf.org/dig-deeper/publication/ preserving-textile-block-florida-southern-college

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Marino, Giulia. 2004. La Caisse d’Allocations Familiales (1953-1959) a Parigi: problem- atiche conservative di un edificio a “curtain wall” [The Caisse d’Allocations Familiales (1953-1959) in Paris: conservation problems of a curtain wall building]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 513-20. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

National Research Council (U.S.). Building Research Institute. 1955. Metal Curtain Walls. National Research Council Publication 378. Washington, D.C.: Building Research Institute, Division of Engineering and Industrial Research, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council.

———. 1959. Sealants for Curtain Walls; a Research Correlation Conference by the Building Research Institute, April 7 and 8, 1958, as Part of Its 8th Annual Meeting, Penn-Sheraton Hotel, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. National Research Council Publication 715. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council.

———. 1960. The Design Potential of Metal Curtain Walls: Proceedings of a Program Conducted as Part of the 1959 Fall Conferences of the Building Research Institute, Division of Engineering and Industrial Research. National Research Council Publication 788. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council.

Normandin, Kyle C., and Michael A. Petermann. 2001. Stone cladding technology: Monitoring and intervention techniques for stabilization. In Historical Constructions 2001: Possibilities of Numerical and Experimental Techniques: Proceedings of the 3rd International Seminar, Guimães, Portugal, University of Minho, 7,8,9 November 2001, edited by Paulo B. Lourenço and Pere Roca, 319-28. Guimães: University of Minho.

Prudon, Theodore H. M. 1990. Saving face: Preservation: Curtain wall restoration. Architecture: AIA Journal 79 (11): 105-10.

Rose, William B. 1997. Moisture control in the modern building envelope: History of vapor barrier in the U.S., 1923-52. APT Bulletin 28 (4): 13-19.

Schwartz, Thomas A. 2001. Glass and metal curtain-wall fundamentals. APT Bulletin 32 (1): 37-45.

Searls, Carolyn L., and Matthew B. Bronski. 2001. Early 20th century transitional facades in the United States: Common maladies. In International Millennium Congress: More Than Two Thousand Years in the History of Architecture. Paris: UNESCO. http://www. unesco.org/archi2000/pdf/bronski.pdf

Sorace, S., and G. Terenzi. 2011. Structural and historical assessment of a modern heritage masterpiece: “Palazzo del Lavoro” in Turin. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XII, edited by C. A. Brebbia and Luigia Binda, 221-32. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 118. Southampton; Boston: WIT Press.

Yeomans, David. 2001. The origins of the modern curtain wall. APT Bulletin 32 (1): 13-18.

4.5 Finishes and Paints

Ayón, Angel, Norman R. Weiss, Glenn Boornazian, and Amanda T. Trienens. 2010. Guggenheim Museum exterior colour: A note from the paint analysis. Journal of Architectural Conservation 16 (1): 95-96.

Bevil, Marianne, Meredith Fiske, and Anne-Leslie Owens. 1993. Painting Historic Buildings: Materials and Techniques: An Annotated Bibliography. NPS Reading List. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service.

Braham, William W. 2002. Modern Color/Modern Architecture: Amédée Ozenfant and the Genealogy of Color in Modern Architecture. Aldershot; Burlington, Vt.: Ashgate.

Danzl, Thomas. 2006. Paint research on 20th-century architecture: The case of the Bauhaus buildings in Dessau. In Paint Research in Building Conservation, edited by Line Bregnhøi, Helen Hughes, Jenni Lindbom, Tone Olstad and Edwin Verweij, 37-44. London: Archetype Publications Ltd.

Grimmer, Anne E. 1990. The Preservation and Repair of Historic Stucco. Preservation Briefs 22. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division. http://www.nps.gov/tps/how-to-preserve/preser- vedocs/preservation-briefs/22Preserve-Brief-Stucco.pdf

Henry, Alison, and John D. Stewart, eds. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Mortars, Renders & Plasters. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing.

International Working-Party for Documentation and Conservation of Buildings, Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. 2002. Modern Colour Technology: Ideals and Conservation. Preservation Technology Dossier 5. Paris: Docomomo International.

Jablonski, Mary A., and Catherine R. Matsen, eds. 2009. Architectural Finishes in the Built Environment. London: Archetype.

Klinkhammer, B. 2005. Counterpoints and fugues: Le Corbusier’s use of colour for the Factory Claude and Duval in St. Dié. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture IX, edited by C.A. Brebbia and A. Torpiano, 83-94. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, v. 83. Southampton: WIT Press.

———. 2011. Ineffable space: Le Corbusier’s colour schemes for the Monastery Sainte Marie de la Tourette. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XII, edited by C. A. Brebbia and Luigia Binda, 115-28. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 118. Southampton; Boston: WIT Press.

Long, J.S., Henry A. Gardner, R.L. Halle, and John Marshall. 1944. Post-war paint; four authorities answer questions at open informal panel discussion sponsored by the Technical Committee of N. Y. Chapter, A.I.A. Architectural Record 96 (4): 68-70, 134-36.

Polman, Mariël. 2004. Architectural paint research in the Vyborg Library: Preliminary examinations. In Alvar Aalto Vyborg Library: Technology of Sensations: Technology Workshop and Seminar on Case Study: Proceedings of the Seventh International Docomomo Technology Seminar, 18-19th September 2003, edited by Ola Wedebrunn, Maija Kairamo, Tapani Mustonen and Tatyana Svetelnikova, 106-12. Preservation Technology Dossier 7. Copenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. School of Architecture.

Price, Burr. 1943. Paints: Present and postwar. Architectural Record 93 (6): 81-84. Sleeper, Harold R. 1943. Dry-wall construction, part I: Fiber boards. Architectural Record

94 (3): 83-88.

———. 1943. Dry-wall construction, part II: Gypsum, plywood. Architectural Record 94 (4): 77-81.

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Standeven, Harriet A. L. 2003. “The Historical and Technical Development of Gloss Housepaints, with Reference to Their Use by Twentieth-Century Artists.” PhD thesis, Royal College of Art, Great Britain.

———. 2011. House Paints, 1900-1960: History and Use. Research in Conservation. Los Angeles, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute.

———. 2013. Oil-based house paints from 1900 to 1960: An examination of their history and development, with particular reference to ripolin enamels. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation 52 (3): 127-39.

Verdonck, Ann. 2009. The Peeters house in Deurne by Gaston Eysselinck: A Flemish ‘machine à habiter’. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XI, edited by C. A. Brebbia, 593-601. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 109. Southampton: WIT.

Weber, Anne E. 1993. Twentieth century interior materials: New wall and ceiling finishes. In The Interiors Handbook for Historic Buildings, Volume II, edited by Michael J. Auer, Charles E. Fisher, Thomas C. Jester and Marilyn E. Kaplan, 4-29 – 4-34. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation.

Welsh, Frank S. 1999. Frank Lloyd Wright’s use of wax at Wingspread for clear finishes and paints. Microscope 47 (1): 29-50.

———. 2007. Paint, Caen stone, and acoustical plaster at the Public Library in Mobile, Alabama. APT Bulletin 38 (1): 15-24.

4.6 Flooring and Paving

Abel, Victor Darwin. 1939. Floor and Wall Coverings: Prepared Especially for Home Study. Scranton: International Correspondence Schools.

Armstrong Cork Company. 1930. Cork; Being the Story of the Origin of Cork, the Processes Employed in Its Manufacture, and Its Varied Uses in the World Today. Lancaster, Pa.: Armstrong Cork Company.

———. 1941. Armstrong’s Handbook for Linoleum Mechanics. Lancaster, Pa.: Armstrong Cork Company, Floor Division.

Armstrong Cork Company. Floor Division. 1948. Armstrong’s Linoleum, Linowall, Quaker Wall Covering, Quaker and Standard Rugs & Floor Covering. Lancaster, Pa.: Armstrong Cork Company.

Berkeley, Bernard, and Cyril S. Kimball. 1961. The Care, Cleaning and Selection of Floors and Resilient Floor Coverings. New York: Ahrens Pub. Co.

Blackman, Leo, and Deborah K. Dietsch. 1982. A new look at linoleum; preservation’s rejected floor covering. Old-House Journal 10 (1): 9-12.

Blow, C. M., and C. Hepburn. 1982. Rubber Technology and Manufacture. 2nd ed. London; Boston: Butterworth Scientific.

Cruz, I. P., and G. G. Nieuwmeijer. 2007. Post 1950 advances in floor systems in France. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture X, edited by C. A. Brebbia, 107-16. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 95. Southampton: WIT Press.

Del Turco, L., & Bros. 1924. Modern Mosaic and Terrazzo Floors; a Handbook on the Improved Method of Laying Terrazzo Floors with Metal Dividers, Precast Terrazzo Base, Treads, Etc., Marble Mosaic Floors; Full Size Color Samples and Floor Designs. Introducing a Simplified Manner of Marking Terrazzo Colors on Plans. Harrison, N.J.: L. Del Turco & Bros.

Faubel, Arthur Louis. 1941. Cork and the American Cork Industry. Rev. ed. New York, N.Y.: Cork Institute of America.

Fisher, Harry Linn. 1941. Rubber and Its Use. Brooklyn, N.Y.: Chemical Pub. Co., Inc.

Gerns, Edward, and Harry J. Hunderman. 2001. Renovation of the roof terrace plaza at the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. In International Millennium Congress: More Than Two Thousand Years in the History of Architecture. Paris: UNESCO. http://www. unesco.org/archi2000/pdf/gerns.pdf

Itle, Kenneth M., and Harry J. Hunderman. 2011. The modern plaza: Making more from less. APT Bulletin 42 (2-3): 51-57.

Johnson Wax. 1924. The Proper Treatment for Floors, Woodwork and Furniture. Racine, Wis.: S.C. Johnson & Son.

Kessler, Daniel W., Arthur Hockman, and Ross E. Anderson. 1943. Physical Properties of Terrazzo Aggregates. Building Materials and Structures Report BMS 98. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards: U.S. Govt. Print. Off.

Koerber, Jeffrey, Larry R. Meyers, and Lisa M. Puryear. 1997. The pristine plane: Plaza paving technology in modern architecture. APT Bulletin 28 (4): 21-28.

Loadman, M.J.R. 1993. Rubber: Its history, composition and prospects for conservation. In

Saving the Twentieth Century: The Conservation of Modern Materials: Proceedings of a Conference Symposium 91: Saving the Twentieth Century, Ottawa, Canada, 15 to 20 September, 1991 = Sauvegarder Le XXe Siècle: La Dégradation Et Conservation Des Matériaux Modernes: Les Actes De La Conférence Symposium 91: Sauvegarde Le XXe

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Siècle, Ottawa, Canada, Du 15 Au 20 Septembre 1991, edited by David W. Grattan and Canadian Conservation Institute, 59-80. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Conservation Institute.

Maxwell, Shirley, and James C. Massey. 1992. Before vinyl, there was linoleum. Old House Journal 20 (5): 44-50.

Mehler, William A. 1987. Let the Buyer Have Faith: The Story of Armstrong. 1st ed. Lancaster, Pa.: Armstrong World Industries.

National Research Council (U.S.). Building Research Institute. 1958. Installation and Maintenance of Resilient Smooth-Surface Flooring; a Research Correlation Conference Conducted by the Building Research Institute, September 17 and 18, 1958, at the Sheraton-Park Hotel, Washington, D.C. National Research Council Publication 597. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council.

Parks, Bonnie W. 1993. Floorcloths to linoleum: The development of resilient flooring. In The Interiors Handbook for Historic Buildings, Volume II, edited by Charles E. Fisher, Michael Auer and Anne E. Grimmer, 3-37 to 3-43. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation.

Resilient Floor Covering Institute. 2011. Recommended Work Practices For Removal of Resilient Floor Coverings. LaGrange, GA: The Institute. http://www.rfci.com/images/ pdf/recommended-work-practices.pdf

Review Publishing Co. 1899. History and Manufacture of Floor Coverings. New York: Review Publishing.

Schidrowitz, Philip, ed. 1952. History of the Rubber Industry. Cambridge, Eng.: W. Heffer. Smith, William Mayo. 1958. Vinyl Resins. Reinhold Plastics Application Series. New York:

Reinhold Pub. Corp.
Toch, Maximilian. 1917. The influence of pigments on rubber. Industrial and Engineering

Chemistry 9 (7): 694-96.
Von Rosenstiel, Helene, and Gail Caskey Winkler. 1988. Floor Coverings for Historic

Buildings: A Guide to Selecting Reproductions. Washington, D.C.: Preservation Press. Walton, Frederick. 1925. The Infancy and Development of Linoleum Floorcloth: By Its

Inventor. London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent.

Wilson, Richa, and Kathleen Snodgrass. 2007. Early 20th-Century Building Materials. Resilient Flooring. Tech Tips. Missoula, Mont.: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology & Development Program.

Wright, H.S. 1926. Ornamental concrete floor surfacings with especial reference to terrazzo. Proceedings of the Annual Convention – American Concrete Institute 22 (2): 269-78.

4.7 Glass, Glazing, and Windows
American Architectural Manufacturers Association. 1984. Structural Properties of Glass.

AAMA Aluminum Curtain Wall Series No. 12. Des Plaines, Ill.: AAMA. Ayón, Angel, and William Rose. 2011. Reglazing Frank Lloyd Wright’s Solomon R.

Guggenheim Museum in New York City. APT Bulletin 42 (2/3): 59-66.
Baker, Geoffrey Harold, and Bruno Funaro. 1948. Windows in Modern Architecture. New

York: Architectural Book Pub. Co.

Button, David, Brian Pye, and Pilkington Glass Ltd. 1993. Glass in Building: A Guide to Modern Architectural Glass Performance: Pilkington. Oxford, England; Boston: Butterworth Architecture.

Byrne, Richard O. 1981. Conservation of historic window glass. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 13 (3): 3-9.

Davis, Pearce. 1949. The Development of the American Glass Industry. Harvard Economic Studies v.86. Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press.

Davison, Sandra, and R. G. Newton. 2003. Conservation and Restoration of Glass. 2nd ed. Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology. Oxford; Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann.

De Vis, Kristel, Patric Jacobs, Joost Caen, and Koen Janssens. 2010. The use of glass bricks in architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries: A case study. In Glass and Ceramics Conservation 2010: Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Working Group, October 3-6 2010 Corning, New York, U.S.A., edited by Hannelore Roemich, 194-201. Corning, New York: Corning Museum of Glass.

Dyson, Carol J. 1995. Structural glass. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 200-05. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Dyson, Carol J., and Floyd Mansberger. 1995. Structural glass: its history, manufacture, repair, and replacement. CRM: [bulletin] 18 (8): 15-19.

English Heritage. 1997. Metal Windows. Framing Opinions 3. London: English Heritage.

Fisher, Charles E. 1984. Installing Insulating Glass in Existing Steel Windows. Preservation Tech Notes. Windows No. 2. Washington, D.C.: United States. National Park Service. Technical Preservation Services Division.

Fisher, Charles E., Deborah Slaton, and Rebecca A. Shiffer, eds. 1997. Window Rehabilitation Guide for Historic Buildings. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation.

Flat Glass Jobbers Association. 1958. Glazing Manual: Specifications for Installation of Flat Glass. Chicago: The Association.

———. 1965. Glazing Manual: Specifications for Flat Glass and Plastic Installations. Rev. ed. Topeka, Kan.: Flat Glass Jobbers Association.

Flat Glass Marketing Association (FGMA). 1974. Glazing Manual. Topeka, Kan.: FGMA.

Graf, Franz, and Francesca Albani, eds. 2011. Il vetro nell’architettura del XX secolo: Conservazione e restauro = Glass in the 20th Century: Architecture Preservation and Restoration. Mendrisio, Switzerland: Mendrisio Academy Press.

Griffiths, Howard. 1987. Glass: Colors of the city. Construction Specifier 40 (8): 100-07. Harbeson, John F. 1930. Design in modern architecture: Stained glass and mosaic. Pencil

Points 11: 957-63.

Hudd, Fiona. 2010. Issues surrounding the conservation of Vitrolite glass. Journal of Architectural Conservation 16 (2): 45-63.

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Hyatt, Peter, and Jennifer Hyatt. 2004. Great Glass Buildings: 50 Modern Classics. Designing With Glass. Mulgrave, Vic.: Images Pub.

International Working-Party for Documentation and Conservation of Buildings Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. 1999. Windows to the Future. Special issue. DOCOMOMO Journal 20.

Jablonski, Mary. 2010. Cast Pyrex glass block: Illuminating its history and conservation issues. APT Bulletin 41 (2/3): 37-45.

Jonge, Wessel de. 2000. Reframing the Moderns: Substitute Windows and Glass. Preservation Technology Dossier 3. Delft: DOCOMOMO International.

Kaltenbach, Frank, ed. 2004. Translucent Materials: Glass, Plastics, Metals. Detail Praxis. Basel, Munich: Birkhäuser; Edition Detail.

Kendrick, Gregory D., ed. 1984. The Preservation of Historic Pigmented Structural Glass (Vitrolite and Carrara Glass). Preservation Briefs 12. Denver, Colo.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Regional Office, Cultural Resources Division.

Konrad, Kimberly A., Kenneth M. Wilson, William J. Nugent, and Flora A. Calabrese. 1995. Plate glass. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 182-87. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Koob, Stephen P. 2004. Cleaning glass: A many-faceted issue. Objects Specialty Group Postprints (American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. Objects Specialty Group) 11: 60-70.

Korn, Arthur. 1968. Glass in Modern Architecture of the Bauhaus Period. New York: G. Braziller.

Lefèvre, Roger-Alexandre, Anne Chabas, Isabelle Munier, and Tiziana Lombardo. 2005. Modern and ancient glass in the polluted atmosphere: What is the prevailing phenom- enon? Leaching, corrosion, soiling, encrusting…? In Cultural Heritage Conservation and Environmental Impact Assessment by Non-Destructive Testing and Micro- Analysis, edited by René van Grieken and Koen H.A. Janssens, 77-89. Leiden: A.A. Balkema.

Loughran, Patrick. 2003. Falling Glass: Problems and Solutions in Contemporary Architecture. Basel; Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

McGrath, Raymond, and Albert Childerstone Frost. 1961. Glass in Architecture and Decoration. New and rev. ed. London: Architectural Press.

McKinley, Robert W. 1995. Spandrel glass. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 206-13. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Minor, Joseph E. 2001. Focus on glass. APT Bulletin 32 (1): 47-50.

Neumann, Dietrich. 1995. ‘The Century’s triumph in lighting’: The Luxfer Prism compa- nies and their contribution to early modern architecture. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 54 (1): 24.

———. 1995. Prismatic glass. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 188-93. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Neumann, Dietrich, Jerry G. Stockbridge, and Bruce S. Kaskel. 1995. Glass block. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 194-99. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Park, Sharon C. 1984. The Repair and Thermal Upgrading of Historic Steel Windows. Preservation Briefs 13. Washington, D.C.: Technical Preservation Services, Preservation Assistance Division, National Park Service, U.S. Dept. of Interior.

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Pender, Robyn, and Sophie Godfraind, eds. 2011. Practical Building Conservation: Glass & Glazing. Farnham: Ashgate.

Persson, Rune. 1969. Flat Glass Technology. New York: Plenum Press.
Peter, John. 1964. Design with Glass. Materials in Modern Architecture Series, vol. 1. New

York: USA Reinhold Pub. Corp.

Phillips, Charles John. 1969. Glass, the Miracle Maker: Its History, Technology, Manufacture and Applications. 2nd ed. Pitman Books on Industrial Materials and Processes. New York: Pitman.

Pittsburgh Plate Glass Company. 1923. Glass, Paints, Varnishes and Brushes: Their History, Manufacture and Use. Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co.

Pottgiesser, U. 2009. Revitalisation strategies for modern glass facades of the 20th century. In Structural Studies, Repairs and Maintenance of Heritage Architecture XI, edited by C. A. Brebbia, 569-80. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, vol. 109. Southampton: WIT.

Powers, Robert M. 1989. Repair and Retrofitting Industrial Steel Windows. Preservation Tech Notes. Windows No. 17. Washington, D.C.: United States. National Park Service.

Pulker, H. K. 1999. Coatings on Glass. 2nd, rev. ed. New York: Elsevier.

Randl, Chad. 2001. Repair and Reproduction of Prismatic Glass Transoms. Preservation Tech Notes. Historic Glass No. 1. Washington, D.C.: United States. National Park Service. Technical Preservation Services Division.

Richards, Brent, and Dennis Gilbert. 2006. New Glass Architecture. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.

Schittich, Christian. 2007. Glass Construction Manual. 2nd, rev. and expanded ed. Basel: Birkhäuser.

Schleifer, Simone, and Florian Seidel. 2008. Architecture Materials: Glass= Verre = Glas. Köln: Evergreen.

Score, Robert, and Bradford S. Carpenter. 2009. An analysis of the thermal performance of repaired and replacement windows. APT Bulletin 40 (2): 11-19.

Slessor, Catherine, and James Morris. 2001. See-through Houses: Inspirational Homes and Features in Glass. London; New York: Ryland Peters & Small.

Sloan, Julie L. 2001. Light Screens: The Leaded Glass of Frank Lloyd Wright. New York: Rizzoli International Publications.

Sundberg, Brandon Scott. 2003. “Glass and the Landscape of Industry.” MArch thesis, University of California, Berkeley.

Uffelen, Chris van. 2009. Clear Glass: Creating New Perspectives. 1st ed. Berlin: Braun. Weller, Bernhard. 2009. Glass in Building: Principles, Applications, Examples. Detail

practice. Basel, Switzerland; München: Birkhäuser; Edition Detail.
Wigginton, Michael. 2004. Glass in Architecture. London: Phaidon.
Woodward, Christopher. 1997. Seeing the light. Perspectives on Architecture 4 (27): 68-69.

Yorke, Douglas A. 1981. Materials conservation for the twentieth century: The case for structural glass. Bulletin of the Association for Preservation Technology 13 (3): 19-29.

4.8 Masonry

Allanbrook, Timothy, and Kyle C. Normandin. 2007. The restoration of the Fifth Avenue facades of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. APT Bulletin 38 (4): 45-53.

Ashurst, John, and Francis G. Dimes. 1977. Stone in Building: Its Use and Potential Today. London: Architectural Press.

Baker, Ira O. 1920. A Treatise on Masonry Construction. 10th, rewritten and enl. ed. New York: J. Wiley & sons.

Beall, Christine. 2004. Masonry Design and Detailing: For Architects and Contractors. 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Bevilacqua, Nicoletta, and Anna De Palma. 2004. Problematiche inerenti il restauro di un manufatto in pietra artificiale degli anni 30 (e del suo dipinto murale): Il chiosco della musica di Rapallo [Inherent restoration problems of an artificial stone structure of the thirties (and of its mural painting): The music pavilion at Rapallo]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 1209-18. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Biondelli, Danilo, Roberto Bugini, Luisa Folli, and Valeria Saltari. 2004. I materiali lapidei nell’architettura del novecento a Milano. 2, Un architetto “prolifico”: Piero Portaluppi [Stone materials in 20th century Milanese architecture. 2, A “prolific” architect: Piero Portaluppi]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 37-47. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Brunskill, R. W. 1997. Brick Building in Britain. Rev. ed. London: V. Gollancz Ltd. in association with P. Crawley.

Clifton-Taylor, Alec, and A. S. Ireson. 1994. English Stone Building. New ed. London: V. Gollancz in association with P. Crawley.

Consiglio, Antonio. 1972. A Technical Guide to the Rational Use of Marble. Roma: Associazione dell’industria marmifera italiana e delle industrie affini.

Cosgrove, J. J. 1921. Hollow Tile Construction: A Practical Explanation of Modern Methods of Designing and Building Fireproof Residences of Hollow Tile. New York: U.P.C. Book Co.

Dernie, David. 2003. New Stone Architecture. London: Laurence King.

Grimmer, Anne E. 1988. Keeping It Clean: Removing Exterior Dirt, Paint, Stains, and Graffiti from Historic Masonry Buildings. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division.

Loughran, Patrick. 2007. Failed Stone: Problems and Solutions with Concrete and Masonry. Basel; Boston: Birkhäuser.

Marble Institute of America. 1962. Marble Engineering Handbook. Washington: The Institute.

Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., Structural Engineers Association of Northern California, and United States. Dept. of Energy. 1993. Proceedings National Workshop on Unreinforced Hollow Clay Tile : September 21-22, 1992, San Francisco, California. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O.

Masonry Research Foundation (Washington D.C.). 1985. Masonry Bibliography: 1830- 1982. Washington, D.C.: The Foundation.

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McKee, Ann Milkovich. 1995. Simulated masonry. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 174-81. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Odgers, David, and Alison Henry, eds. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Stone. Farnham: Ashgate.

Ortega, Richard I. 2012. Masonry cladding of iron- and steel-frame buildings, 1880-1940: A destructive relationship. APT Bulletin 43 (4): 23-31.

Santmyers, R. M. 1929. Gypsum: Its Uses and Preparation. Information Circular 6163. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of Mines.

Siebert, John S., and Frederic Child Biggin. 1896. Modern Stone-Cutting and Masonry: With Special Reference to the Making of Working Drawings. 1st ed. New York; London: J. Wiley & Son; Chapman & Hall.

Stone, Ralph W. 1917. Gypsum Products: Their Preparation and Uses. Technical Paper 155. Mineral Technology 19. Washington, D.C.: Govt. Print. Off.

United States. Bureau of Standards. 1926. The Technology of the Manufacture of Gypsum Products. Circular of the Bureau of Standards No. 281. Washington: G.P.O.

Warland, Edmund George. 1946. Constructional Masonry. London: I. Pitman.

———. 2006. Modern Practical Masonry. New ed. Shaftesbury: Donhead.

White, Charles Elmer, and William S. Lowndes. 1924. Hollow Tile Construction. Philadelphia, Pa.: David McKay Co.

4.9 Metals

Adams, Chris, and David Hallam. 1993. Finishes on aluminium: A conservation perspec- tive. In Saving the Twentieth Century: The Conservation of Modern Materials: Proceedings of a Conference Symposium 91: Saving the Twentieth Century, Ottawa, Canada, 15 to 20 September, 1991 = Sauvegarder Le XXe Siècle: La Dégradation Et Conservation Des Matériaux Modernes: Les Actes De La Conférence Symposium 91: Sauvegarde Le XXe Siècle, Ottawa, Canada, Du 15 Au 20 Septembre 1991, edited by David W. Grattan and Canadian Conservation Institute, 273-86. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Conservation Institute.

Addis, B. 1997. Concrete and steel in twentieth century construction. In Structure and Style: Conserving Twentieth Century Buildings, edited by Michael Stratton, 103-42. London; New York: E. & F.N. Spon.

Aluminum Association. 1983. Care of Aluminum. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: The Association.

American Iron and Steel Institute. Committee of Stainless Steel Producers. 1982. Cleaning and Descaling Stainless Steels. Washington, D.C.: The Institute.

American Society for Testing and Materials. 1969. Stainless Steel for Architectural Use: A Symposium Presented at the Seventy-First Annual Meeting, American Society for Testing and Materials, San Francisco, Calif., 23-28 June 1968. ASTM Special Technical Publication 454. Philadelphia: ASTM.

Anthony, Ben, Paul Murray, and Scott Steedman. 2001. How Did They Build That? Program 1, Iron & Steel. ca. 25 min.: Monmouth Junction, NJ : Shopware.

Bello, Justine Posluszny, Patricia Miller, Mark Rabinowitz, and Joseph Sembrat. 2011. Surface preparation and coating application for the preservation of large-scale metal artifacts. In Metal 2010: Proceedings of the Interim Meeting of the ICOM-CC Metal Working Group, 11-15 October 2010, Charleston, South Carolina, USA, edited by Paul Mardikian, Claudia Chemello, Christopher Waters, and Peter Hull, 323-334. Clemson, South Carolina; Clemson University.

Blanc, Alan, Michael McEvoy, and Roger Plank. 1993. Architecture and Construction in Steel. London: E. & F.N. Spon.

Bock, Gordon. 2002. Repairing Wright: An insider’s view of the steel window restoration at Fallingwater. Old-House Journal 30 (3): 42-49.

Brimelow, E. I. 1957. Aluminium in Building. London: Macdonald.
Brown, Hiram. 1948. Aluminum and Its Applications. Pitman Books on Industrial

Materials and Processes. New York: Pitman Pub. Corp.
Brush, Mary B. 2010. Using dry ice for spray-paint removal on weathering steel. APT

Bulletin 41 (1): 1-5.

Collette, Quentin, Ine Wouters, Michael De Bouw, Leen Lauriks, and Abdelrahman Younes. 2010. Victor Horta’s iron architecture: A structural analysis. Advanced Materials Research 133-134: 373-78.

Cowden, Adrienne B. 1995. Nickel silver. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 58-63. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cramer, Stephen D., B. S. Covino, and ASM International. Handbook Committee. 2006. Corrosion: Environments and Industries. Rev. ed. ASM Handbook v.13C. Materials Park, OH: ASM International.

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Culberson, Laura Justine. 1994. “The Deterioration of ‘Non-Corroding’ Nickel Alloys in Architectural Applications: A Study of Nickel-Silver, Monel Metal, and Chromium- Nickel Stainless Steels.” MS thesis, Columbia University.

Eberhard, Ernest. 1930. Architectural uses of aluminum. American Architect 137 (May): 48-57, 78.

Epstein, Seymour G. 1994. Aluminum and Its Alloys. 2nd ed. Technical Report C-6. Washington, D.C.: Aluminum Association.

Evans, Ulick Richardson. 1960. The Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals: Scientific Principles and Practical Applications. 1981 printing ed. London: E. Arnold.

Everhart, John L. 1971. Engineering Properties of Nickel and Nickel Alloys. New York: Plenum Press.

Fröhlich, Burkhard, and Sonja Schulenburg, eds. 2003. Metal Architecture: Design and Construction. Basel; Boston: Birkäuser Publisher.

Gale, Walter Keith Vernon. 1969. Iron and Steel. Industrial Archaeology 2. Harlow: Longmans.

Gayle, Margot, John G. Waite, and United States. National Park Service. Preservation Assistance Division. 1992. Metals in America’s Historic Buildings: Uses and Preservation Treatments. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Cultural Resources, Preservation Assistance.

Geerlings, Gerald K. 1929. Wrought Iron in Architecture. Wrought Iron Craftsmanship. Historical Notes and Illustrations of Wrought Iron in Italy, Spain, France, Holland, Belgium, England, Germany, America. Modern Wrought Iron. Lighting Fixtures and Knockers. Specifications. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.

Glass, G. K., C. L. Page, and N. R. Short. 1991. Factors affecting the corrosion rate of steel in carbonated mortars. Corrosion Science 32 (12): 1283-94.

Godfraind, Sophie, Robyn Pender, and Bill Martin, eds. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Metals. Farnham: Ashgate.

Grimmer, Anne E. 1979. Dangers of Abrasive Cleaning to Historic Buildings. Preservation Briefs 6. Washington, D.C.: Dept. of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service, Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation, Technical Preservation Services Division.

Grinter, Linton E. 1960. Design of Modern Steel Structures. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan.

Hobbs, Douglas Brown. 1944. Aluminum, Its History Metallurgy and Uses, with Projects for the School and Home Shop. Milwaukee: The Bruce Pub. Co.

Howard-White, F. B. 1963. Nickel, An Historical Review. Princeton ,N.J.: Van Nostrand.

International Nickel Company. 1935. Nickel Silver in Architecture; Some Applications of Nickel Silvers, for Architects, Decorators, Builders, Building Owners, Managers and Manufacturers. New York, N.Y.: International Nickel Company.

International Nickel Company, and Taylor, Rogers & Bliss. 1931. Practical Design in Monel Metal for Architectural and Decorative Purposes; a Manual for Architects and Metal Craftsmen Defining the Decorative Uses and Limitations of Monel Metal and Presenting a Technic for Developing Those Uses in the Most Practical and Economical Manner. New York, N.Y.: The International Nickel Company, Inc.

International Working-Party for Documentation and Conservation of Buildings Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. 1994. Metal. Special issue. DOCOMOMO Journal 12.

———. 2010. Proceedings Metal in Modern Movement Architecture: 2010 DOCOMOMO ISC Technology Seminar in Tokyo. Tokyo: DOCOMOMO Japan.

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Jandl, H. Ward. 1991. With heritage so shiny: America’s first all-aluminum house. APT Bulletin 23 (2): 38-43.

Kahn, Eve M. 2004. The shock of the old: An electrifyingly simple application promises to save buildings from rusting into oblivion. I.D. 51 (6): 40-46.

Kelley, Stephen J. 1995. Aluminum. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 46-51. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Larrabee, C.P., and S.K. Coburn. 1962. The atmospheric corrosion of steels as influenced by changes in chemical composition. In First International Congress on Metallic Corrosion, London, 10-15 April 1961, edited by L. Kenworthy, 276-85. London: Butterworths.

Makri, Eleni, and Rupert Harris. 2007. Metal. In Windows: History, Repair, and Conservation, edited by Michael Tutton, Elizabeth Hirst and Jill Pearce, 305-64. Shaftesbury, Dorset: Donhead.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Architecture, Boston Society of Architects, and Historic Resources Committee. 2003. 20th Century Exterior Architectural Metals: Design, Preservation, and Care: Conference Proceedings. Somerville, MA: Technology and Conservation.

McDonald, Martha. 2003. Restoring the nation’s conservatory [U.S. Botanic Garden Conservatory, Washington, DC]. Clem Labine’s Traditional Building 16 (5): 16-18.

McMullen, Alexander Lawrence. 1963. Architectural Metalwork in Copper and its Alloys. CDA Publication No. 63. London: Copper Development Association.

Meyhöfer, Dirk. 2008. Magic Metal: Buildings of Steel, Aluminium, Copper and Tin. 1st ed. Berlin: Braun.

Miettinen, Esko, and Kirsi Taivalantti. 2002. Stainless Steel in Architecture. Helsinki: Finnish Constructional Steelwork Association.

National Association of Architectural Metal Manufacturers, and National Ornamental and Miscellaneous Metals Association. 2006. Metal Finishes Manual for Architectural and Metal Products. Chicago: NAAMM.

Okada, H., Y. Hosoi, and H. Naito. 1972. The protective rust layer formed on low alloy steels in atmospheric corrosion. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Congress on Metallic Corrosion, edited by Norman E. Hamner, 392-98. Houston, Tex.: National Association of Corrosion Engineers.

Pasternak, H., G. Kubieniec, and M. Piekarczyk. 2009. Adhesives in strengthening of steel structures. In Protection of Historical Buildings: PROHITECH 09: Proceedings of the International Conference on Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH 09, Rome, Italy, 21-24 June 2009, edited by Federico M. Mazzolani, 551-56. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Inc.

Pense, Alan. 2012. Metallurgy 101. APT Bulletin 43 (4): 5-12.
Peter, John. 1956. Aluminum in Modern Architecture Volume I. Louisville, Kentucky; New

York: Reynolds Metals.

———, ed. 1960. Aluminum in Modern Architecture ‘60. 1960 ed. Richmond, Va.: Reynolds Metal Co.

Princeton University. School of Architecture, and American Iron and Steel Institute. Committee of Stainless Steel Producers. 1955. Curtain Walls of Stainless Steel, a Study Prepared for the Committee of Stainless Steel Producers, American Iron and Steel Institute. Princeton, N.J.: Committee of Stainless Steel Producers, American Iron and Steel Institute.

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Conservation of Specific Twentieth-CMenetuarlsy Construction Materials and Systems

Prudon, Theodore H. M. 2012. Metallic reflections: The rise and fall of aluminum. In Post- Ductility: Metals in Architecture and Engineering, edited by Michael Bell and Craig Buckley, 49-57. Columbia Books on Architecture, Engineering, and Materials. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.

Randl, Chad. 2002. Repairing Steel Casement Windows. Preservation Tech Notes. Windows No. 19. Washington, D.C.: United States. National Park Service. Technical Preservation Services Division.

Revie, R. Winston, and Herbert Henry Uhlig. 2006. Uhlig’s Corrosion Handbook. 2nd ed. Electrochemical Society Series. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Interscience.

Rosenberg, Samuel Jacob. 1968. Nickel and Its Alloys. Rev. ed. National Bureau of Standards Monograph 106. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards.

Sakai, T., and S. Tokunaga. 1979. Maintenance-free service of weathering steel by rust stabilization accelerating treatment. In Corrosion 79: The International Corrosion Forum Devoted Exclusively to the Protection and Performance of Materials, March 12-16, 1979, Atlanta Hilton, Atlanta, Georgia, 12 p. Katy, Tex.: National Association of Corrosion Engineers.

Score, Robert, and Irene J. Cohen. 1995. Stainless steel. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 64-71. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Scott, John. 1993. Conservation of weathering steel sculpture. In Saving the Twentieth Century: The Conservation of Modern Materials: Proceedings of a Conference Symposium 91: Saving the Twentieth Century, Ottawa, Canada, 15 to 20 September, 1991 = Sauvegarder Le XXe Siècle: La Dégradation Et Conservation Des Matériaux Modernes: Les Actes De La Conférence Symposium 91: Sauvegarde Le XXe Siècle, Ottawa, Canada, Du 15 Au 20 Septembre 1991, edited by David W. Grattan and Canadian Conservation Institute, 307-22. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Conservation Institute.

Scott, John C., and Carolyn L. Searls. 1995. Weathering steel. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 72-79. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sembrat, Joseph. 1998. Reliable methods for the measurement and inspection of protective barrier coatings for outdoor monuments. In Metal‘98: Proceedings of the International Conference on Metals Conservation, Draguignan, Figanieres, France, 27-29 May 1998, edited by William Mourey and Luc Robbiola, 286-90. London: James & James.

Sembrat, Joseph, Mark Rabinowitz, and Justine Bello. 2012. Investigating and restoring decorative finishes on architectural metals. Journal of Architectural Conservation 18 (3): 27-51.

Staveteig, Kaaren. 2008. Maintenance and Repair of Historic Aluminum Windows. Preservation Tech Notes. Windows No. 22. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Technical Preservation Services.

Storad, A.S. 1983. Coating systems for high-strength low-alloy steels: Are they necessary? In Corrosion 83: The International Corrosion Forum, 7 p. Houston, Tex.: National Association of Corrosion Engineers.

Trelstad, Derek H. 1995. Monel. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 52-57. New York: McGraw-Hill.

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Trentelman, Karen A., James Ashby, and William T. Donlon. 2002. The characterization and conservation of aged aluminum alloys: Buckminster Fuller’s Dymaxion house. In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology VI: Symposium held November 26-30, 2001, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, edited by Pamela B. Vandiver, Martha Goodway and Jennifer L. Mass, 3-14. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, vol. 712. Warrendale: Materials Research Society.

Turner, T. Henry, and N. F. Budgen. 1926. Metal Spraying. The Origin, Development, and Applications of the Metal-Spray Process of Metallisation. London: C. Griffin & Co.

Turnpenny, Kate, and Stuart Tappin. 2003. Cathodic protection of masonry-clad, steel- framed buildings. Journal of Architectural Conservation 9 (3): 7-20.

Union Carbide Corporation. Electro Metallurgical Company. 1937. The Architectural and Domestic Uses of Stainless Steel. New York: The Company.

Van Horn, Kent Robertson, ed. 1967. Aluminum. Metals Park, Ohio: American Society for Metals.

Wallis, Geoff, and Michael N. Bussell. 2008. Cast iron, wrought iron, and steel. In Materials & Skills for Historic Building Conservation, edited by Michael Forsyth, 123-59. Historic Building Conservation. Oxford; Malden, Mass.: Blackwell Publishing.

Weidlinger, Paul. 1956. Aluminum in Modern Architecture Volume II: Engineering Design and Details. Louisville, Kentucky; New York: Reynolds Metals.

Wilquin, Hugues. 2001. Aluminium Architecture: Construction and Details. Boston: Birkhauser-Verlag.

Wurth, L. A. 1991. Role of chromium in weathering steel passivation. Materials Performance 30 (1): 62-67.

Zahner, L. William. 1995. Architectural Metals: A Guide to Selection, Specification, and Performance. New York, N.Y.: Wiley.

Zapffe, Carl Andrew. 1949. Stainless Steels; an Elementary Text for Consumers. Cleveland: American Society for Metals.

4.10 Plastics

Davidson, J.G., and H.B. McClure. 1933. Application of vinyl resins. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 25: 645-52.

Dietz, Albert G. H. 1969. Plastics for Architects and Builders. Cambridge, Mass.; London: M.I.T. Press.

DiNoto, Andrea, and David Arky. 1984. Art Plastic: Designed for Living. 1st ed. New York: Abbeville Press.

DuBois, J. Harry. 1972. Plastics History U.S.A. Boston: Cahners Books.
Duffin, D. J. 1966. Laminated Plastics. 2nd ed. Reinhold Plastics Applications Series. New

York: Reinhold.

Fielding, T. J. 1940. History of Bakelite Limited. London: Bakelite.

Katz, Sylvia. 1984. Classic Plastics: From Bakelite to High-Tech: With a Collector’s Guide. London: Thames and Hudson.

Lewin, Susan Grant. 2006. Formica & Design: From the Counter Top to High Art. New York: Rizzoli.

Lubin, George. 1982. Handbook of Composites. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

McNeill, I.C. 1992. Fundamental aspects of polymer degradation. In Polymers in Conservation, edited by N.S. Allen, M. Edge and C.V. Horie, 14-31. Special Publication No. 105. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry.

Meikle, Jeffrey L. 1995. American Plastic: A Cultural History. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press.

Morgan, John. 1991. Conservation of Plastics: An Introduction to Their History, Manufacture, Deterioration, Identification and Care. London: Plastics Historical Society, Conservation Unit, Museums & Galleries Commission.

———. 1992. The cleaning and care of plastics artifacts. Polymer Preprints 33 (2): 643-44.

Morgan, Phillip, ed. 1961. Glass-Reinforced Plastics. 3rd ed. London; New York: Illiffe; Interscience Publishers.

Mossman, Susan. 1997. Early Plastics: Perspectives, 1850-1950. London; Washington: Leicester University Press; Science Museum.

Mossman, S. T. I., Peter John Turnbull Morris, Royal Society of Chemistry (Great Britain), and Plastics Historical Society. 1994. The Development of Plastics. Special Publication No. 141. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry.

National Research Council (U.S.). Building Research Institute. 1955. Plastics in Building; the Uses, Past and Present, and the Potentialities of Plastics in Building as Reported at a Conference Conducted by the Building Research Institute, October 27 and 28, 1954, at the Chamber of Commerce of the United States in Washington, D.C. National Research Council Publication 337. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council.

Parkyn, Brian, ed. 1970. Glass-Reinforced Plastics. London: Iliffe.

Quarmby, Arthur. 1974. Plastics and Architecture. New York: Praeger.

———. 1974. The Plastics Architect. London: Pall Mall Press.

Shashoua, Yvonne. 2008. Conservation of Plastics: Materials Science, Degradation and Preservation. 1st ed. Oxford; Boston: Butterworth Heinemann.

Simpson, W. Gordon, ed. 1993. Plastics: Surface and Finish. 2nd ed. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry.

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Skeist, Irving, ed. 1966. Plastics in Building. New York: Reinhold.

Sonneborn, Ralph H. 1954. Fiberglas Reinforced Plastics. 1st ed. New York: Reinhold.

Time-Life Books. 1982. Working with Plastics. Home Repair and Improvement. Alexandria, Va.: Time-Life Books.

Topham, Sean. 2002. Blowup: Inflatable Art, Architecture, and Design. Munich; New York: Prestel.

Turner, Susan D. 2005. Plastic laminates: Still popular after 60 years. Heritage: The Magazine of the Heritage Canada Foundation = Patrimoine: le magazine de la fonda- tion Héritage Canada 8 (2): 22-23.

Walker, Anthony. 1996. Plastics and the modern house. In The Modern House Revisited. Twentieth Century Architecture 2, 65-72. London: Twentieth Century Society.

Yarsley, Victor E., and Edward Gordon Couzens. 1968. Plastics in the Modern World. A completely rev. ed. Pelican Book A1016. Baltimore: Penguin Books.

4.11 Roofing

Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association. 1997. Residential Asphalt Roofing Manual. Rockville, Md.: Asphalt Roofing Manufacturers Association.

Barth, Edwin J. 1968. Asphalt: Science and Technology. New York: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.

Slaton, Deborah, and Charles E. Fisher. 1999. The Roofing Handbook for Historic Buildings. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation and the National Park Service.

Strahan, J. L. 1966. Manufacture, Selection and Application of Asphalt Roofing and Siding Products. 9th, rev. ed. New York, N.Y.: Asphalt Roofing Industry Bureau.

Tobin, Erin M. 2000. When the imitation becomes real: Attitudes toward asphalt and asbestos-cement roofing and siding. APT Bulletin 31 (2/3): 34-37.

Traxler, Ralph Newton. 1961. Asphalt: Its Composition, Properties, and Uses. New York: Reinhold Pub. Corp.

Vogel, John N., Theodore J. Karamanski, William A. Irvine, and Christine Nolen Taylor. 1986. One Hundred Years of Roofing in America. 1st ed. Rosemont, Ill.: National Roofing Contractors Association.

Watson, John A. 1979. Roofing Systems: Materials and Application. Reston, Va.: Reston Pub. Co.

Wilson, Richa, and Kathleen Snodgrass. 2008. Early 20th-Century Building Materials. Siding and Roofing. Tech Tips. Missoula, Mont.: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology & Development Program.

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4.12 Wood

Christensen, T.P.E. 1982. Injecting new life into a veteran structure. Technology & Conservation 7 (2): 10-12.

Cour, Robert M. 2005. The Plywood Age: A History of the Fir Plywood Industry’s First Fifty Years. 100th Anniversary Commemorative ed. United States: Engineered Wood Association.

Freas, Alan D’Yarmett, and American Society of Civil Engineers. Committee on Wood. Subcommittee on Evaluation, Maintenance, and Upgrading of Timber Structures. 1982. Evaluation, Maintenance and Upgrading of Wood Structures: A Guide and Commentary. New York, N.Y.: The Society.

Freas, Alan D’Yarmett, and M. L. Selbo. 1954. Fabrication and Design of Glued Laminated Wood Structural Members. Technical Bulletin No. 1069. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. http://hdl.handle.net/1957/779

Haines, Charles M. 1990. “The Industrialization of Wood: The Transformation of a Material.” PhD thesis, University of Delaware.

Jester, Thomas C. 1995. Plywood. In Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 132-35. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Kollmann, Franz Friedrich Paul, and Wilfred A. Côté. 1968. Principles of Wood Science and Technology. Berlin; New York: Heidelberg; Springer-Verlag.

Lemström, Juha, and Tarja Mäkelainen, eds. 2000. Wood and Modern Movement. Preservation Technology Dossier 4. Helsinki: Helsinki University of Technology.

McCaig, Ian, and Brian Ridout, eds. 2012. Practical Building Conservation: Timber. Farnham: Ashgate.

McNall, Andrew, and David C. Fischetti. 1995. Glued laminated timber. In Twentieth- Century Building Materials: History and Conservation, edited by Thomas C. Jester, 136-41. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Meyer, Louis H. 1947. Plywood; What It Is, What It Does. N.Y.: McGraw-Hill.
Mora, Alexander. 1932. Plywood, Its Production, Use and Properties. London: Timber and

Plywood.

Mortensen, Bo. 2004. Acoustic research of the undulating wooden ceiling of the Vyborg Library by Alvar Aalto. In Alvar Aalto Vyborg Library: Technology of Sensations: Technology Workshop and Seminar on Case Study: Proceedings of the Seventh International Docomomo Technology Seminar, 18-19th September 2003, edited by Ola Wedebrunn, Maija Kairamo, Tapani Mustonen and Tatyana Svetelnikova, 113-24. Preservation Technology Dossier 7. Copenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. School of Architecture.

Perry, Thomas D. 1944. Modern Wood Adhesives. New York; Chicago: Pitman Pub. Corp.

———. 1948. Modern Plywood. 2nd ed. New York: Pitman Pub. Corp.

Slobodian, Wasyl. 2001. Drewniana architektura cerkiewna zachodniej Ukrainy konca XIX i pierwszej polowy XX wieku = Wooden orthodox church architecture in western Ukraine in the late 19th century and early 20th century. Biuletyn informacyjny konser- watorów dziel sztuki = Conservator-Restorer’s Bulletin 12 (2): 134-36.

Soikkeli, Anu, ed. 2000. Restoration of Old and Modern Wooden Buildings. Oulu, Finland: University of Oulu, Department of Architecture.

Suchsland, Otto, and George E. Woodson. 1990. Fiberboard Manufacturing Practices in the United States. Updated ed. Agriculture Handbook No. 640. Madison, Wisc.: Forest Products Research Society.

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Wood

United States. Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. 1937. American Douglas Fir Plywood and Its Uses. Trade Promotion Series No. 167. Washington, D.C.: G.P.O.

Wilson, Richa, and Kathleen Snodgrass. 2007. Early 20th-Century Building Materials. Fiberboard and Plywood. Tech Tips. Missoula, Mont.: United States Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Technology & Development Program.

Wilson, T. R. C. 1939. The Glued Laminated Wooden Arch. Technical Bulletin No. 691. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. http://hdl.handle.net/1957/843

Wood, Andrew Dick. 1963. Plywoods of the World, Their Development, Manufacture and Application. Rev. and reset ed. Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston.

CHAPTER 5

Sustainability and Adaptive Reuse

Abley, Ian, and James Heartfield. 2001. Sustaining Architecture in the Anti-Machine Age. London: Wiley-Academy.

Architecture and Urbanism. 2010. Reinvigorating 20th Century Masterpieces. Special issue. A + U: Architecture and Urbanism (474).

Bansal, Davinder. 2008. The Rotunda, Birmingham. Conservation Bulletin (59): 36-38. Carroon, Jean. 2010. Sustainable Preservation: Greening Existing Buildings. Hoboken,

N.J.: Wiley.

Chevallier, Fabienne, and Giuseppe Pessa. 2004. Conservare e valorizzare il patrimonio moderno: La necessità di nuovi approcci [Conserving and enhancing modern heritage: The need for new approaches]. Arkos: Scienza e restauro dell’architettura 5 (7): 22-27.

English Heritage. 2005. Regeneration and the Historic Environment: Heritage as a Catalyst for Better Social and Economic Regeneration. London: English Heritage.

Feireiss, Kristin, and Lukas Feireiss, eds. 2009. Architecture of Change 2: Sustainability and Humanity in the Built Environment. Berlin: Die Gestalten Verlag.

Fernandez, Vanessa. 2011. Considering original environmental concept in retrofitting proj- ects. In Criterios de intervención en el patrimonio arquitectónico del siglo XX: Conferencia internacional CAH20thC: Documento de Madrid 2011 = Intervention Approaches in the 20th Century Architectural Heritage: International Conference CAH20thC: Madrid Document 2011: Madrid, 14,15 y 16 de junio de 2011, edited by Juan Miguel Hernández León and Fernando Espinosa de los Monteros, 311-20. Madrid: Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Bienes Culturales, Subdirección General del Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España.

———. 2011. Preservation of Modern-era office buildings and their environmental controls. APT Bulletin 42 (2/3): 21-26.

Fixler, David N. 2009. Material, idea, and authenticity in treatment of the architecture of the Modern Movement. CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 6 (1): 5 p.

Geva, Anat. 2008. Rediscovering sustainable design through preservation: Bauhaus apart- ments in Tel Aviv. APT Bulletin 39 (1): 43-49.

Geva, Anat, and Jacob Morris. 2012. Frank Lloyd Wright’s sustainable design of Pilgrim Congregational Church in California. APT Bulletin 43 (2/3): 41-49.

Grignolo, Roberta. 2011. An Encyclopaedia as a living record of restoration and reuse of 20th century architecture. In Criterios de intervención en el patrimonio arquitectónico del siglo XX: Conferencia internacional CAH20thC: Documento de Madrid 2011 = Intervention Approaches in the 20th Century Architectural Heritage: International Conference CAH20thC: Madrid Document 2011: Madrid, 14,15 y 16 de junio de 2011, edited by Juan Miguel Hernández León and Fernando Espinosa de los Monteros, 357-66. Madrid: Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Bienes Culturales, Subdirección General del Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural de España.

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Sustainability and Adaptive Reuse

Hawkes, Dean. 2012. The Modern Movement house in the British climate. In Architecture and Climate: An Environmental History of British Architecture, 1600-2000. 1st ed., 189-219. Abingdon; New York, NY: Routledge.

Hudson, John. 2007. Conservation values, climate change and modern architecture: The case of the CIS tower. Journal of Architectural Conservation 13 (2): 47-67.

Jerome, Pamela. 2010. Sustainability: The case for long-term service life and built-in redundancy. APT Bulletin 41 (1): 37-42.

Johansson, Erika. 2008. House Master School: Career Model for Education and Training in Integrated and Sustainable Conservation of Built Environments. Göteborg Studies in Conservation 22. Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology; Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis.

Jonge, Wessel de. 2004. ‘Zonnestraal’: Restoration of a transitory architecture: Concept, planning and realisation in the context of its authenticity. In Alvar Aalto Vyborg Library: Technology of Sensations: Technology Workshop and Seminar on Case Study: Proceedings of the Seventh International Docomomo Technology Seminar, 18-19th September 2003, edited by Ola Wedebrunn, Maija Kairamo, Tapani Mustonen and Tatyana Svetelnikova, 12-33. Preservation Technology Dossier 7. Copenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. School of Architecture.

King, Geoffrey. 2004. Bayt al-Muraykhî: A later Islamic pearl merchant’s house at Dalmâ, Abu Dhabi Emirate. Tribulus 14 (1): 3-8.

King, John. 2007. Concrete dreams: Can sustainable design make City Hall inspirational again? Architecture Boston 10 (5): 40-42.

Knaack, Ulrich, Thaleia Konstantinou, Marcel Bilow, and Bert Lieverse. 2012. Reimagining the Envelope. Imagine 06. Rotterdam: 010 Publishers.

Liccese-Torres, Cynthia, and Kim A. O’Connell. 2007. Lustron house preservation efforts in Arlington County, Virginia. CRM: The Journal of Heritage Stewardship 4 (2): 69-73.

Lubeck, Aaron. 2010. Green Restorations: Sustainable Building and Historic Homes. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.

Mitchell/Giurgola Architects, and Michael J. Crosbie. 2005. Boomer Buildings: Mid-Century Architecture Reborn. Mulgrave, Victoria, Australia: Images Publishing Group.

Monferino, Massimo. 2004. Il villaggio media nell’Ospedale Militare “A. Riberi” di Torino [The media village in the “A. Riberi” Military Hospital in Turin]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 831-35. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Operto, Marco, and Cristiana Bevilacqua. 2004. Il Villaggio Olimpico negli Ex-Mercati Generali di Torino [The Olympic Village in the former Mercati Generali in Turin]. In Architettura e materiali del Novecento: Conservazione, restauro, manutenzione: Atti del Convegno di studi, Bressanone 13-16 luglio 2004, edited by Guido Biscontin and Guido Driussi, 825-29. Scienza e beni culturali 20. Marghera-Venezia: Arcadia ricerche.

Passe, Ulrike. 2008. Atmospheres of space: The development of Alvar Aalto’s free-flow section as a climate device. Architectural Research Quarterly 12 (3-4): 295-311.

Porteous, Colin. 2002. The New Eco-Architecture: Alternatives from the Modern Movement. London; New York: Spon Press.

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Powell, Ken. 1999. Architecture Reborn: Converting Old Buildings for New Uses. New York: Rizzoli.

Prudon, Theodore H. M., guest ed. 2011. Modern and Sustainable. Special issue. DOCOMOMO Journal 44.

Richardson-Upp, Shawna. 2004. Industrial evolution: Preservation through judicious demolition of 20th century industrial buildings. Future Anterior: Journal of Historic Preservation, History, Theory, and Criticism 1 (1): 47-56.

Rodwell, Dennis. 2007. Conservation and Sustainability in Historic Cities. Oxford, UK; Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub.

Royal Australian Institute of Architects, and Australia. Dept. of the Environment and Heritage. 2004. Adaptive Reuse: Preserving Our Past, Building Our Future. Canberra: Heritage Division, Dept. of the Environment and Heritage.

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Appendix: Organizations and Additional Resources

AATA Online: Abstracts of International Conservation Literature

A database providing free abstracts of conservation-related material published in 150 pro- fessional journals and conference proceedings. The database currently includes over 130,000 abstracts, with some 4,000 being added each year. It covers conservation of all materials in all time periods. This bibliography is searchable on AATA online. http://aata.getty.edu/nps/

Art Deco News.Com

This online resource on art deco news, issues, events, products, and destinations also pro- vides links to international state and local art deco societies. http://www.artdeconews.com/index.htm

Association for Preservation Technology International (APT)

While not specific to the twentieth century, APT is an invaluable resource for conserva- tion-related materials, including the APT Bulletin and APT Communiqué (an electronic newsletter for members). The association held a number of conferences during the 1990s specifically addressing this topic. The Technical Committee on Modern Heritage is one of APT’s four dedicated subcommittees.

http://www.apti.org/

BCIN: Bibliographic Database of the Conservation Information Network.

This bibliographic database covers the conservation and restoration of cultural property, including built heritage. An international collaboration, it contains citations from technical reports, conference proceedings, journal articles, books and audiovisual and unpublished materials and is searchable in both English and French. http://www.bcin.ca/English/home_english.html

International Committee for Documentation of Buildings, Sites and Neigh- bourhoods of the Modern Movement (DOCOMOMO International)
DOCOMOMO International is an interdisciplinary organization that acts as a watchdog for important modern movement buildings, works to raise awareness of this heritage, and sup- ports the exchange of information about its conservation and history. DOCOMOMO International’s nearly sixty chapters represent countries in Europe, the Americas, Asia, Oceania, and Africa. Dissemination and research activities include seminars, meetings, and organization of a biennial conference, as well as publications, including the DOCOMOMO Journal (and its predecessor, the DOCOMOMO Newsletter), and conference

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and seminar proceedings. This bibliography contains citations for DOCOMOMO’s tech- nology dossiers, proceedings, and select issues of the journal; many of these citations are listed under the organization’s previous name, International Working Party for Documentation of Buildings, Sites and Neighbourhoods of the Modern Movement. The organization also maintains the DOCOMOMO International Register documenting signifi- cant examples of modern movement heritage and a listing of endangered sites and struc- tures. Selected listings from the International Register were published in 2000 in The Modern Movement in Architecture: Selections from the DOCOMOMO Registers (Dennis Sharp and Catherine Cooke, eds.).

http://www.docomomo.com/

DOCMOMO US

The United States chapter of DOCOMOMO maintains the DOCOMOMO US register, an online database of modern movement sites and buildings that parallels the goal of the International Register.
http://docomomo-us.org

English Heritage

Though devoted to the full range of heritage sites, English Heritage has conducted a num- ber of activities focused on the identification, interpretation, and conservation of twenti- eth-century built heritage including the Contemporary Heritage and Character program, the postwar listing program of the 1990s, reviews of twentieth-century military heritage, and several publications. http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/professional/research/landscapes-and-areas/characteri- sation/contemporary-heritage/

Getty Research Institute (GRI): Architecture and Design Collection

The GRI, a program of the J. Paul Getty Trust, is dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts. The GRI’s Architecture and Design Collection has significant holdings related to twentieth-century built heritage; materials are accessible to approved readers. Highlights include the archives of Southern California architects Pierre Koenig, John Lautner, Ray Kappe, Frank Israel, William Krisel, and Welton Becket; international projects by Coop Himmelblau, Peter Eisenman, Yona Friedman, Zaha Hadid, Philip Johnson, Daniel Libeskind, Aldo Rossi, Bernard Rudofsky, Lebbeus Woods, and Frank Lloyd Wright; the influential architectural photography of Julius Shulman and Lucien Hervé; and the papers of architecture critics Nikolaus Pevsner, Reyner Banham, and Ada Louise Huxtable. http://www.getty.edu/research/special_collections/highlights/architecture_design/index. html

International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cul- tural Property (ICCROM): Conservation of Modern Architecture
ICCROM’s Built Heritage Programme has made the conservation of modern architecture a priority area. Activities have included international courses for heritage professionals to increase capacity in this field. http://www.iccrom.org/eng/prog_en/02built_en/thematic_en.shtml

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International Coalition of Art Deco Societies (IACADS)

ICADS is an international alliance of art deco societies that works to promote the apprecia- tion and preservation of art deco works by educating the public and through cooperation and mutual support. Its World Congress on Art Deco is held biennially. http://www.icads.info/

International Committee for the Conservation of the Industrial Heritage (TIC- CIH)
TICCIH is an international organization promoting research, conservation, documentation, and interpretation of the world’s industrial heritage. TICCIH publishes the journal, Patrimoine de l’industrie / Industrial Patrimony, as well as the quarterly TICCIH Bulletin, which is available online. The TICCIH International Inventory (online) documents signifi- cant industrial heritage sites. Though not limited in its time scope, much of TICCIH’s work deals with twentieth-century industrial heritage.

http://www.mnactec.cat/ticcih/

International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Heritage at Risk Pro- gram
The Heritage at Risk Program was created to gather and disseminate information about threatened heritage places worldwide, identify trends, and share potential solutions. The ICOMOS World Report on Monuments and Sites in Danger (an occasional series) contains short reports on risks in member countries or on thematic issues. Sites reviewed cover a range of heritage places and time periods, including twentieth-century built heritage. http://www.icomos.org/risk/

International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) International Scien- tific Committee on 20th Century Heritage (ISC20)
ICOMOS ISC20 is an international, multidisciplinary group that works to advance the identification, presentation, and conservation of twentieth-century heritage places. The committee informs and supports ICOMOS’s actions involving twentieth-century heritage, as well as working with other organizations internationally.

http://icomos-isc20c.org/

International Union of Architects (UIA)

The UIA—a global professional network of architects—maintains a searchable online index of architecture that exemplifies twentieth-century architectural history. http://www.archi.fr/UIA/

National Trust for Historic Preservation (NTHP)

The NTHP is a privately-funded nonprofit dedicated to preserving the USA’s historic places through advocacy, education and outreach. Among the organization’s many con- cerns is the preservation of modern movement and recent past resources. Information about these efforts can be found on their Modernism and the Recent Past webpage. The trust also owns and operates three significant modernist houses as historic sites. http://www.preservationnation.org/information-center/saving-a-place/ modernism-recent-past/

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Recent Past Preservation Network (RPPN)

The Recent Past Preservation Network is a national nonprofit (USA) advocating for the preservation of buildings of the recent past and providing resources to those who are work- ing to do so. The Network publishes RPPN Bulletin, a free, quarterly, online newsletter, as well as a blog. Other web resources include the extensive “Historical Bibliography of Architecture, Landscape Architecture, and Urbanism in the United States since World War II” compiled by Richard Longstreth of George Washington University, a national wind- shield survey of recent past resources, and a resource directory.
http://www.recentpast.org/

Twentieth Century Society

The Twentieth Century Society advocates for the preservation of Great Britain’s architec- tural heritage from 1914 onward. The society publishes a scholarly journal, Twentieth Century Architecture, roughly once a year.
http://www.c20society.org.uk/

World Heritage Centre: Modern Heritage Programme

In 2001, UNESCO’s World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS, and DOCOMOMO launched a joint program for the identification, documentation, and promotion of nineteenth- and twentieth- century built heritage, which is underrepresented on the World Heritage List. In 2003, the WHC published Identification and Documentation of Modern Heritage (World Heritage Papers no. 5), which aims to provide a conceptual framework for identifying and analyzing modern heritage.

http://whc.unesco.org/en/modernheritage/

World Monuments Fund (WMF): Modernism at Risk Special Initiative

The WMF’s Modernism at Risk Special Initiative is focused on advocacy, public educa- tion, and conservation of threatened modern resources. WMF awards the Knoll Modernism Prize biennially for an innovative design solution that has resulted in the pres- ervation or enhancement of a modern resource.

http://www.wmf.org/advocacy/modernism

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